Some known risk factors for type 1 diabetes include:
1.Family history. Anyone with a parent or sibling with type 1 diabetes has a slightly increased risk of developing the condition.
2.Genetics. The presence of certain genes indicates an increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes.
3.Geography. The incidence of type 1 diabetes tends to increase as you travel away from the equator. People living in Finland and Sardinia have the highest incidence of type 1 diabetes — about two to three times higher than rates in the United States and 400 times the incidence among people living in Venezuela.
4.Age. Although type 1 diabetes can appear at any age, it appears at two noticeable peaks. The first peak occurs in children between 4 and 7 years old, and the second is in children between 10 and 14 years old.
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Many other possible risk factors for type 1 diabetes have been investigated, though none have been proved. Some other possible risk factors include:
A.Exposure to certain viruses, such as the Epstein-Barr virus, Coxsackie virus, mumps virus and cytomegalovirus
B.Early exposure to cow’s milk
C.Low vitamin D levels
D.Drinking water that contains nitrates
E.Early (before 4 months) or late (after 7 months) introduction of cereal and gluten into a baby’s diet
F.Having a mother who had preeclampsia during pregnancy
G.Being born with jaundice
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