Hyperglycemia: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment Options. Edited by Bosko Nikolic, Adrijana Jovanovic (Endocrinology Research and Clinical Developments) by Bosko Nikolic (2012-07-01)
Signs of Hyperglycemia
Signs of very high blood sugar levels in type 1 diabetes may include:
Extreme thirst, drinking a lot and then urinating frequently as a result
Unintentionally losing a lot of weight within a few weeks
Noticeable loss of energy with muscle weakness, tiredness and a strongly impaired general condition
Nausea and stomach pain
Frequent infections (cystitis, thrush)
Confusion and drowsiness, or even coma
If you,a family member or a friend have these symptoms, you should contact a doctor as soon as possible.
How is hyperglycemia diagnosed?
There are different kinds of blood tests that can diagnose hyperglycemia. These include:
Random blood glucose: this test reflects the blood sugar level at a given point in time. Normal range is between 4.0 to 5.9mmol/l(72.0 to 106.2mg/dl).
Hypoglycemia range is below 4.0mmol/l(72.0mg/dl)
Hyperglycemia range is above 7.0mmol/l(126.0mg/dl)
Fasting blood glucose: this is a measurement of blood sugar level taken in the early morning when you eat and drink nothing the night before.
Oral glucose tolerance test: this is a test that measures blood glucose levels at given time points after a dose of sugar is consumed. This test is most commonly used to diagnose gestational diabetes.
Glycohemoglobin A1c(HbA1C): is a measurement of glucose that is bound to red blood cells and provides an indication about blood sugar levels over the past 2 to 3 months.
How is Hyperglycemia Treated?
You treat Hyperglycemia by injecting yourself with insulin.See below for the correct insulin units to inject for a variety of high blood sugar results.
A hyperglycemia result greater than 7.0mmol/l(126.0mg/dl)you need to inject one unit of insulin.
A hyperglycemia result greater than 9.0mmol/l(162.0mg/dl)you need to inject two units of insulin.
A hyperglycemia result greater than 11.0mmol/l(198.0mg/dl)you need to inject three units of insulin.
A hyperglycemia result greater than 13.0mmol/l(234.0mg/dl)you need to inject four units of insulin.
A hyperglycemia result greater than 15.0mmol/l(270.0mg/dl)you need to inject five units of insulin.
What are the Complications of Hyperglycemia?
If you have high blood sugar levels for many years you can get severe complications.
These severe complications are:
Heart and blood vessel disease, that can increase the risk of heart attack, stroke, and peripheral artery disease
Poor kidney function eventually leading to kidney failure
Nerve damage, that can lead to burning, tingling, pain, and changes in sensation
Eye diseases, including damage to the retina, glaucoma, and cataracts
For more great information on what a High Blood Sugar Feels Like refer to thediabetescouncil.com website.
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