1.Prediabetes And Type 2 Diabetes Risk Tests
You could be one of the many people worldwide who have prediabetes and Type 2 diabetes and don’t know it.
The earlier you are diagnosed, the sooner you can take action to stay well – now and in the future.
If you already have Type 2 diabetes, your children, brothers and sisters are at risk.
Urge them to be tested for diabetes.
Today, more than ever before, people with diabetes can expect to live active, independent and vital lives if they make a lifelong commitment to careful management of the disease.
It is important to be tested for prediabetes and Type 2 diabetes if you are at risk.
Left untreated or improperly managed, diabetes can result in a variety of complications, including: Heart disease , Kidney disease ,Eye disease and Nerve damage.
If you check any of the boxes below, it is advisable to be tested for Diabetes!
My Risk Assessment
❑ I have a parent, brother or sister with diabetes.
❑ I am a member of a high-risk group (Aboriginal, Hispanic, South Asian, Asian or African descent).
❑ I have health complications that are associated with diabetes.
❑ I gave birth to a baby that weighed over 4 kg (9 lb) at birth.
❑ I had gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy).
❑ I have been told I have prediabetes (impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose)
❑ I have high blood pressure.
❑ I have high cholesterol or other fats in my blood.
❑ I am overweight (especially if I carry most of my weight around my middle).
❑ I have been diagnosed with any of the following conditions:
• Polycystic ovary syndrome
• Acanthosis nigricans (darkened patches of skin)
• Psychiatric disorders: schizophrenia, depression, bipolar disorder
• I have obstructive sleep apnea
• I use glucocorticoid medication
The following questions will help you to find out if you are at higher risk of having pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes.
Pre-diabetes is a condition where a person’s blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes.
You can have pre-diabetes or undiagnosed Type 2 diabetes without having any obvious warning signs or symptoms.
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition marked by high levels of sugar in the blood. It occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin (a hormone released by the pancreas) or respond well enough to insulin.
Knowing your risk can help you make healthy choices now that will reduce your risk or even prevent you from developing diabetes.
Please answer the questions as honestly and completely as you can.
Answer all questions.
Add up your scores to calculate your total risk score.
1.How old are you?
A 49 or younger 
B 50–59 
C 60–69 
D 70 or older 
2.Are you female or male?
A Female 
B Male 
3.What is your ethnic background?
A Only white European 
B Other ethnic group 
4.Do you have a father, mother, brother, sister and/or own child with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes?
A Yes 
B No 
5.Measure the person’s waist circumference and choose the range:
A Less than 90cm (35.3in) 
B 90–99.9cm (35.4–39.3in) 
C 100–109.9cm (39.4–42.9in) 
D 110cm (43in) or above 
6.Calculate the person’s Body Mass Index (BMI) and choose the range (a BMI chart can be used).
A Less than 25 
B 25–29.9 
C 30–34.9 
D 35 or above 
7.Have you been given medicine for high blood pressure OR told that you have high blood pressure, by your doctor?
A Yes 
B No 
Your score is:_____________ points
0–6 points (Low risk) Keep up the good work
7–15 points (Increased risk) Make lifestyle changes
16–24 points (Moderate risk) See your GP to discuss your risk and how to reduce it.
25 or more points(High risk) See your GP as soon as possible for a blood test
2.Type 1 Diabetes Risk Test
What Causes Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes?
Insulin is produced in the pancreas.
In people with Type 1 diabetes, the immune system destroys the insulin-producing cells and very little insulin (if any) is produced.
People with Type 2 diabetes can produce insulin at normal levels, but their bodies become resistant to it; this is often linked to obesity.
The resistance means more and more insulin has to be made – until the body can no longer handle the demand. At that point, glucose remains at high levels in the bloodstream.
This causes the symptoms of diabetes, including blurry vision, dizziness, thirst and tiredness.
Diagnosing Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes
A very common test for diagnosing diabetes is the fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test.
The FPG test is the easiest and fastest to perform.
The FPG uses blood drawn from a vein inside the elbow or on the back of the hand.
You must fast (not eating or drinking anything but water) for at least eight hours before the test.
Because of this, the FPG test is usually scheduled as early as possible in the morning.
Other tests your doctor may want you to have to check for diabetes
Oral glucose tolerance test – this test is more sensitive than the FPG test.
People fast for at least eight hours then drink a sugar-rich beverage.
After two hours, blood is drawn and tested.
Random plasma glucose test – this test doesn’t require you to fast, which makes it easier to administer but not as accurate as other tests.
3.Diabetes Insipidus Risk Test
Despite the name, diabetes insipidus is not related to type 1 or type 2 diabetes (diabetes mellitus).
Diabetes insipidus is a hormone disorder that occurs when the body doesn’t produce enough antidiuretic hormone (ADH) or doesn’t use the hormone effectively.
4.Diabetes Risk Factors
These risk assessments cover the most common factors proven to put a person at greatest risk for diabetes, but there are other risk factors.
Anything that increases your chances of getting a disease is called a risk factor.
But having a risk factor doesn’t mean you’ll automatically get diabetes – and not having risk factors doesn’t mean that you don’t have to be concerned about diabetes.
If you think you may be at risk, talk with your doctor.
Remember, the sooner diabetes is detected, the easier it is to treat and the more likely treatments will be successful.
5.Diabetes Knowledge Quizzes
You may want to see how much you have learned using this website.
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