What Are The Health Benefits Of Chinese And Indian Herbs For Diabetics?

 

The incidence of diabetes is increasing day by day.The global prevalence of diabetes is estimated to increase to 5.4% by the year 2025. WHO has predicted that the major burden will occur in developing countries.

Treatment of illness and maintenance of health/well-being using herbal medicines is the oldest and most popular form of healthcare practice known to humanity that has been practiced by all cultures in all ages throughout the history of civilization.

In China, diabetes is not as prevalent as elsewhere.World-wide estimates of diabetes incidence are on the order of 1.0%, placing China among the group of nations with low incidence and the U.S. in the high incidence category.

Although the incidence of diabetes is far lower in China than in the U.S., predictions are that China and the rest of southeast Asia will rapidly become the world’s main site of diabetes cases (by the year 2025) due to the combined high population and change in lifestyle as the countries modernize.

Recent studies have shown that more than 90% of  Type 2 diabetes is avoidable through lifestyle changes, not drugs and surgeries!

Chinese food therapy and herbal therapy is a great example of a positive lifestyle change that can help to prevent a person who is diagnosed with pre-diabetes.15 to 30 % of people with pre-diabetes will develop diabetes within 5 years!

Consuming whole foods is vital in the prevention and successful reversal of this condition. Sugars and white flour, rice, or potatoes should be replaced with whole grains; fruit juices should be replaced with whole fruit sparingly; and vegetables should consumed with wild abandon.

Protein consumption is vital in maintaining level blood sugar levels and is best obtained through nuts, eggs, beans or legumes, and fish; keep meat and cheese, and greasy food consumption to a minimum.

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When treating diabetes, Herbal medicine can assist the body to regain its normal healthy functioning. Pre-diabetic conditions can often be fully reversed, while type 2 diabetics have a chance of reversing their condition when caught early on.

Those who have chronic type 2 diabetes or type 1 diabetes can find that  herbs help to moderate blood sugar levels and help to provide an improved quality of life.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has listed 21,000 plants, which are used for medicinal purposes around the world. Among these 2500 species are in India, out of which 150 species are used commercially on a fairly large scale.

India is the largest producer of medicinal herbs and is called as botanical garden of the world.There are many herbal remedies suggested for diabetes and diabetic complications. Medicinal plants form the main ingredients of these formulations.

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The use of alternative medicines for the management of diabetes is widespread in the Indian subcontinent, mostly in the form of so-called nutraceuticals (eg, capsules made of fenugreek or bitter melon extract).

Ayurveda disease management entails a prescription of personalised diet,healthy lifestyle and herbal remedies . Each treatment plan is customised to the individual patient and to the type and stage of diabetes.

It is important to keep in mind that classic Ayurvedic medicines are usually polyherbal formulations. The combined effect of the phytochemical constituents of various herbs is responsible for therapeutic efficacy, rather than the actions of a single active ingredient.

The most common and effective antidiabetic medicinal plants of Indian origin are listed below.All these plants are a rich source of phytochemicals.

 Chinese Herbs And Diabetes

Herbal remedies come in various delivery systems: you can take the natural plants and herbs according to the way they are prescribed – powdered or cooked or mixed with water; or you can take various herbal remedies that come in capsule form. If you are finicky about taste and smell you may well prefer to take capsules which are easy to swallow and are made from refined extracts.

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Science has been investigating many of the herbs used in the Chinese medicine formulas.   Studies have recently found that berberine has insulin-sensitizing effects.  Many other Chinese herbs have been used successfully for thousands of years to treat and reduce the associated symptoms of diabetes.

A simple tea that can be made at home can help some of the symptoms of diabetes.  Simmer 120g of dried Chinese yam (shan yao) in water and drink throughout the day.Nine flavour tea pills are available from Chinese medicine practitioners.  This remedy helps the adrenal glands and kidneys, and addresses symptoms like heat, lower backache, and excessive thirst and urination.

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Beneficial foods that clear heat and nourish the body’s fluids include spinach, turnips, pears, soybeans, millet, Chinese yam, water chestnuts, mung beans, and sea cucumbers.   Avoid hot and spicy foods and alcohol.

Tianqi is widely used in China for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. It includes several herbs that have been shown to lower blood glucose levels and improve blood sugar control after meals. The main herb in Tianqi is Acanthopanax notoginseng, which has anti-inflammatory properties and is said to ‘educate the blood’ – broadly meaning it helps maintain healthy cardiovascular function.

Several other Chinese and oriental herbs have been found to control blood sugar levels as well as or better than pharmaceutical drugs.

Jiaogulan (Gynostemma pentophyllum) can improve insulin sensitivity and, when taken for 12 weeks by people with type 2 diabetes, has been shown to lower fasting blood sugar levels to within the ‘normal’ range.

Korean red ginseng (Panax ginseng) has a long history of use for lowering blood sugar levels. In one study, it was found to reduce the rise in blood sugar after a meal by an impressive 27 per cent, compared with placebo.

 Siberian ginseng (Eleutherococcus senticosus) may have even more powerful anti-diabetic effects than red ginseng. In a study that compared both herbs against placebo, Siberian ginseng lowered both fasting blood glucose and after-meal blood glucose levels more strongly than did red ginseng.

Bitter melon (Mormodica charantia) improves insulin sensitivity and outperformed the now-banned drug Avandia (rosiglitazone) in a study of its effectiveness in managing diabetes and its complications.

Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) has natural active ingredients similar to the drug Metformin and in one clinical trial was shown to reduce fasting blood sugar just as effectively and in the same time scale as the drug.

Bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria) contains a bitter juice that a recent study has shown to lower blood sugar, damaging kinds of cholesterol and blood fats, while improving liver and kidney function.

Consume garlic and onions in large quantities. These flavorful foods help to lower “bad” LDL cholesterol and raise “good” HDL cholesterol and prevent heart disease.

People with diabetes tend to have a greater risk of heart disease because the lack of insulin prompts fat to float throughout the bloodstream longer and in higher levels than normal. Eat a diet abundant in vegetables and moderate in sweet fruits to get a rich array of antioxidants such as vitamin C, the carotenes, and flavonoids. Antioxidants help prevent fats from oxidizing and causing damage to artery walls, which can lead to plaque buildup and heart disease.

Herbal medicine is an important component to the treatment of diabetes.  Different formulas may be effective for different people, so practitioners may try several different approaches.

Antidiabetic Medicinal Plants Of India

Anti-diabetic Plants in India and Herbal Based Anti-diabetic Research

It is important to note here that there is yet no effective cure for Diabetes and available drugs and insulin therapy used for the management of the disease are associated with several undesirable side effects .

The undesirable side effects and high cost of anti-diabetic drugs led to the search for medicinal plants that exhibit a hypoglycemic property.

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To get results you must understand how herbs work. Their use requires time, patience and knowledge about the disease you are attempting to cure. Herbs have different potency and purity, and that is not always easy to determine. They have different effects for different people.

Experimentation is key to obtain results. Most importantly is not to give up on them because results are not seen immediately.

Below is a list of the most commonly known medicinal plants of India with anti diabetic properties.

1.Babul (Acacia arabica)

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Acacia arabica has been reported to be effective against a variety of diseases including diabetes, skin disease and cancer. The fresh plants parts of Acacia arabica is considered as astringent, demulcent,  aphrodisiac, anthelmintic, antimicrobial, antidiarrhoeal, with good nutritional value in Indian traditional medicine system.

Commonly known as babul, kikar or Indian gum Arabic tree has been recognized worldwide as a multipurpose tree.It is a moderate-sized, almost evergreen tree with a short trunk, and a spreading crown. It is widely distributed throughout arid and semi-arid zones of the world.

The bark skin, leaves, seeds, pods and the gum of Acacia arabica are used for medicinal purpose. The plant is used internally as well as externally.

Oral administration of cold water extract of Acacia arabica bark to diabetic and normal rats at a dose of 400 mg/kg body weight resulted in significant reduction of blood glucose, cholesterol and triglycerides. Phytochemical investigations found that phenolic compounds are presents in Acacia arabica extracts. The cold water extract of Acacia arabica was found to reduce blood glucose level to its normal level within seven days.

Acacia arabica is a good antibacterial agent.  A clinical trial report implies the presence of substances in Acacia gum which, compared with ordinary gum, primarily inhibit the early deposition of plaque.Gum obtained from Acacia / Babul is used to get rid of the bacteria in the mouth that is known to cause periodontal disease.




Acacia / Babul gum serves as a demulcent – soothing mucus membranes. Due to this effect, it is often applied to the affected skin so as to treat scrapes and minor wounds. It has a very good healing affect and is good for wounds.

It is also good for curing common cold. Acacia is helpful in the treatment of cold symptoms as well as relieving sore throat that is associated with cold and cough.

Acacia / Babul is useful to treat dysentery, diarrhea & other intestinal ailments. Acacia flowers are largely useful in treating nausea, a hangover, and vomiting. It is also know to treat intestinal worms and get rid of them from the system.

Babul is not advisable for people with low heart rate or with stomach ulcers as it might tend to increase such issues.

2. bael(Aegle marmelose)

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Aegle marmelos leaf extract is a one of the best Ayurveda medicine for Diabetes Mellitus.

The plant, popularly known as the bael tree, is native to the Indo-Malayan region and is currently cultivated in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Burma, and Thailand.In India it is found in gardens and temples because it is considered a sacred tree.

It is a member of the Rutaceae family and is also an edible fruit.Fruits may be cut in half and the pulp dressed with sugar and eaten for breakfast in Indonesia.

A popular drink in India is made by beating the seeded pulp with milk and sugar or simply mixing with water, and sometimes mixed with tamarind. Marmelade is often made from unripe fruits. The young leaves and shoots are eaten as a vegetable in Thailand and used to season food in Indonesia. An infusion of the flowers can make a cooling drink.

Various parts of the tree, including the fruit, possess medicinal properties. The roots are useful for treating diarrhoea, dysentery, and dyspepsia. The leaf is used for opthalmia, diabetes and asthmatic complaints.The aqueous extracts of the stem and root bark are used to treat malaria, fever, jaundice and skin diseases .The fruit, roots and leaves have antibiotic activity. The root, leaves and bark are used in treating snakebite.

The main anti diabetic action of aegle marmelose is its powerful antioxidant properties.Aegle marmelos extract was found to significantly reduce serum glucose in laboratory animals.

Laboratory rats were diabetes induced by administration of alloxan which is a toxic glucose analogue that destroys insulin producing cells by damaging islet cells of the pancreas by liberating oxygen radicals.

Aegle marmelose leaf alcohol extract was used and found to have significantly reduced blood sugar in alloxan diabetic rats. Results could be seen after 6 days of continuous administration. On the 12th day sugar levels were found to be reduced by 54%. Oxidative stress was found to be significantly lowered by the extract.

It can be used as extracts or fresh juice. Alcohol  extracts have shown the biggest benefits in previous studies. All the extracts however, reduces blood sugar levels .

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3. church steeples (Agrimonia eupatoria)

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A perennial herbaceous flowering plant belonging to the Rosaceae family. Agrimony is native of temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere and abundant throughout Europe.

Agrimony is perhaps one of the most famous plants of medieval Europe and even earlier times. People continue to claim that it will cure just about anything. But as with any herbal treatment it requires a certain wisdom to get results. Right dosage, purity, length of treatment all play a role.

Ancient Greeks treated eye conditions with a brew made from agrimony to treat gallbladder, diarrhea, liver, and kidney problems.Agrimony is marvellous to use in a tea form where even just a tsp or two of the dried herb steeped in a cup of freshly boiled water for 5-10 minutes conveys a healing action that is deep, mild and easily received.

Austrian traditional medicine used agrimony internally as a tea to treat conditions related to liver, bile, gastrointestinal, and respiratory tract disorders. Anglo-Saxons used it to treat wounds, preparing a solution made from the leaves and seeds.

Studies using agrimony alcohol  extracts indicate its powerful antioxidant, anti diabetic and anti inflammatory activity. This activity is due in part by a high polyphenolic content. The action of compounds found in agrimony also affect pro-inflammatory, weight gain and fat fighting enzymes.

Agrimony extracts mimics insulin action. Studies show that the anti-hyperglycemic action of agrimony is associated with the stimulation of insulin secretion.

Agrimony lowers blood sugar on permanent basis by  helping combat the most important enemy: oxidative stress, one of the most serious metabolic damage inflicted to the liver, nerves and cells.

Oxidative stress creates a systemic inflammatory process which is he hallmark of diabetes and many other diseases such as obesity, fatty liver disease, and high blood pressure.

Agrimony is a safe herb however, because it is so high in tannins, it may be expected that taking too much for too long might cause some mild nausea or digestive upset.Also, if taking medications to lower blood glucose, it would be prudent to keep a close check on your blood sugar levels when taking Agrimony.

Patients with a history of excessive bleeding or bleeding disorders should use it at milder doses.Use of the plant during pregnancy or breastfeeding should be avoided because associated risks are yet unknown.

 4. ghrita kumara (Aloe vera)

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Aloe vera has long been used as an herbal medicine. It is known for its amazing soothing as well as invigorating effects, which make it a good choice when it comes to skin care. But, recent studies have found that this ornamental plant is effective in treating diabetes too.

Aloe vera is one of the most effective foods that can help us regulate our blood sugar levels in a natural way.Regular consumption of fresh aloe vera juice is extremely beneficial for stabilizing the amount of glucose in our bloodstream.

The hypoglycemic ability of aloe vera can turn out to be equally advantageous for patients of both IDDM (insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus) and NIDDM (non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus).

If you take two doses of aloe vera juice (anywhere between 5 ml and 15 ml) every day, your blood sugar level will go down significantly.

It has incredible antioxidant as well as anti-inflammatory properties, which keep us protected from various other issues, such as ulcers, wounds, infections, etc. related to diabetes.Being a natural ingredient, it causes no adverse side effect while treating diabetes.

 5.neem (Azadirachta indica)

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Neem leaves are shrubs originally from the Hindustani region, precisely in Madya Pradesh, India.

Neem leaf extracts and seeds are used as an active ingredient as an effective cure for diabetes. It has been scientifically proven after a number of tests and research by leading medical institutes, that neem parts have high efficacy in treating the disease.

Neem leaf extracts improve the blood circulation by dilating the blood vessels and also helpful in reducing the need for hypoglycaemic drugs. According to scientific research undertaken neem leaf extracts and seed oil help to reduce the insulin requirement.The benefits of neem leaves for diabetes are due to their content such as falvonoid, triterpenoid, anti-viral compounds and glycosides .

Many diabetics also experience problems with their blood circulation and neem helps correct this problem as well.

Neem tablets help to lower the blood glucose levels.Neem tablets can also be taken as a dietary supplement for prevention of the disease.

Not only is it beneficial to use neem for diabetes control, it is also good for fighting bacterial and fungal infections, maintaining oral hygiene and dental health and treating malaria.

Neem is considered to be one of the safest medicinal herbs available; FDA’s database does not include any references to neem having any adverse effects when used in medicines.

6.ash gourd (Benincasa hispida)

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Ash gourd is known for its medicinal values and healing power. Being low in calories, it is ideal for diabetic patients, and those seeking weight-control. The cooling purgative herb boosts secretion and disposal of urine. Therefore it acts as a good detoxifying agent too.

Known by many names like white gourd, white pumpkin, winter melon, wax gourd, pooshnikai, safed kaddu, boodina kumbalakai, etc, ash gourd is in fact a fruit but is always referred to as a vegetable since it is cooked and consumed as a vegetable.

Oblong in form, and usually about 1 to 2 metres long, ash-gourds have a smooth rind which is ashy green and has white flesh inside, with flat and oval seeds. Cultivated from ancient times, these gourds contain lots of moisture and little amounts of fat, carbohydrates, protein, and fiber, in addition to calcium, iron, phosphorous, thiamin, niacin, riboflavin and Vitamin C.

Ash gourd is used in making juices, winter melon soup, or even in stir fry veggies of many combinations.In Ayurveda, the fruit is used to treat epilepsy, lung diseases, asthama, coughs, urine retention and internal hemorrhage. The rind is used to treat diabetes and the seeds to expel tapeworms. The juice of the fruit is effective in cases of mercury poisoning and snakebites.

  7.ivy gourd (Coccinia Cordifolia)

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Ivy gourd (Coccinia Cordifolia) is a tropical vine ( a woody climbing plant that bears grapes like fruits), nativity extends from Africa to Asia. Green vegetable Ivy’s gourd can use for cooking as a vegetable, well-ripped fruits are sweet to eat and can be taken raw.

The mechanism of action of the herbal Ivy gourd has appeared to mimic insulin in diabetic patients. It acts like insulin by correcting the elevated enzymes Glucose -6-phospahtase, lactase dehydrogenase and thus control of hyperglycemia in diabetes.

A study titled “Effect of Supplementation of Coccinia Cordifolia extracts on Newly Detected Diabetic Patients” is published in Diabetes Care February 2008 vol. 31.The study shows, there was a significant decrease in the fasting and postprandial blood-glucose-levels of the experimental group significantly decreased, by 16 and 18%, respectively as well as HbA1C.

Ivy Gourd Recipe for diabetes: Take 5 to 10 ivy gourd leaves wash it, add ¾ cup of water, blend well using a blender, filter the juice, add stevia to sweeten (optional), and drink the juice first time in the morning.

Many naturopaths suggest drinking ivy gourd juice is beneficial to high blood pressure and heart patients.

It can protect the nervous system because it is rich in B vitamins essential for the brain and the nervous function. Thus, help in treating anxiety, epilepsy and Alzheimer’s.

Including it in your diet to considerably reduce the kidney stone risk. Its calcium content can strengthen the bones.

It boosts the immune function, the key to maintaining a healthy life. It improves digestive health becomes of its vitamin B complex and dietary fiber content.

It alleviates the mood and treat depression naturally.

It has anti-histamine property, useful as a topical treatment to cure skin irritations and allergies.Leaves are useful for treating skin eruptions, gonorrhea, biliary disorders, anorexia, cough, and diabetic wounds.

Ivy gourd consists of 1.4 mg of Iron, 17.50% of the daily recommended value. Iron deficiency causes fatigue. So, the Ivy gourd keeps you fit, healthy, and energetic.

Traditionally, Ivy gourd is also in use for various conditions; stem juice as eye drops to treat cataract.Ivy gourd is known for its antioxidant, anti-bacterial, and anti-triglyceride property which protects against plague formation and thus to some extent prevents heart diseases and strokes.

The appropriate daily dose depends on various factors such as your age, health, and other health conditions. Consult your  medicine practitioner and follow product labels before using it.

Ivy gourds are available as a fresh vegetable, fruit, and leaf; extract capsules, leaf powder tablet or capsules.

It appears to be safe for most of the people when taken by mouth for short and long terms. Pregnancy and breast-feeding women are advice to avoid its use.

Ivy gourd can decrease blood sugar levels, so it can interact with diabetes medication and leads to hypoglycemia. Thus, you need to monitor your blood sugar level closely to avoid hypoglycemia, also you may need to change your diabetes medication dose follow your doctors advice.

8. banyan tree (Ficus benghalenesis)

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Banyan (Ficus benghalensis), the National Tree of India, grows in hot tropical climates prevalent in most parts of India. The name originates from the word ‘Baniya’ or ‘Indian traders’ who sat below the tree shades for meetings and other useful gatherings. The tree is also known by other names such as the Nyagrodhah, Bargad, Peral, Vata, Vatagach, Sriksha, Bahupada and Skandaja.

The bark of Banyan tree has anti-diabetic properties. Studies have confirmed hypoglycemic (blood sugar lowering) effect of extract of bark in alloxan diabetic rabbits, rats and in humans. The bark also reported to have hypocholesterolaemic (cholesterol lowering) and hypolipidaemic (lipid lowering) effects.

The anti-diabetic effect of bark is due to presence of flavonoids, water soluble and insoluble glycoside.

How to use Banyan tree bark for Diabetes

1.Take bark (2 inch) of Banyan tree. Soak this in a glass of water at night. Next morning mash the bark, filter the liquid and drink.

2.Dry and pulverise the bark of Banyan tree. Take  1 tablespoon bark powder and prepare decoction by boiling in 2 glass of water till volume reduces to 1/2 cup. Filter the decoction and drink regularly.

Banyan tree use is recommended in Ayurveda for promoting fertility and curing sexual debility. Leaf- buds are prescribed in Ayurveda for promoting conception. According to Ayurveda, putting a few drops of the banyan tree juice in the right nostril of the pregnant woman protects and gives good health to  the unborn baby.

In Ayurvedic medicine, the milky latex from the stems and leaves of the tree is applied to bruises and to parts of the body that are causing pain. Extract of the roots and the leaves are useful for curing various skin related problems.

For healthy hair, crushed prop roots paste is applied to hair. The same formulation is also used as a skin conditioner.

Skin ulcers are treated with a paste made from mixing water with ground plant material from the aerial roots of the tree.The milk juice obtained from tree bark is also used as a natural remedy to get rid of skin moles.

The latex of the plant is applied to the gums to treat toothache and bleeding gums.The bark and seeds are used as a tonic to maintain body temperature.

Banyan fruit and its juice are used in rheumatism and lumbago. The bark of banyan is useful in controlling cholesterol. It decreases LDL or bad cholesterol while HDL or good cholesterol levels are maintained.

9.gurmar (Gymnema sylvestre)

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Gymnema sylvestre is a herb native to Asia that has being used medicinally for thousands of years in India. It’s Hindi or Ayurvedic name Gurmar means ‘destroyer of sugar’ and it has some unusually beneficial properties for treating diabetes and elevated blood sugar.

One of the primary active ingredients in gymnema sylvestre is gymnemic acid. This unique compound is very similar structurally to glucose, but does not act like it within your body.

Gymnemic acid can  block sugar absorption in the intestine and often results in lower blood sugar levels after a meal. This effect is also likely to assist in losing weight as simple sugars in the diet, not fats, are the primary cause of weight gain.

Even more promising, studies report that gymnemic acid increases the production of insulin, improves glucose utilization and may even help to regenerate islet beta cells within the pancreas which produce insulin.

Another study concluded: ‘Gymnema sylvestre supplementation appears to improve glucose control in patients with type 2 diabetes. Reducing postprandial blood glucose significantly caused a decrease of HbA1c (Average Blood Glucose), therefore reducing the complications of diabetes.’

Aside from its potential as a diabetes treatment and blood sugar regulator, gymnema capsules and tea has been shown to be beneficial for several other health conditions:

Improves cholesterol and reduces triglycerides in your blood.

Treats obesity and an effective aid in a weight loss program. By blocking sugar absorption and decreasing appetite, a daily dose of gymnema sylvestre, in either capsule or as gymnema tea, has been shown to assist in losing weight.

Gymnema sylvestre reduces inflammation. Research found the active ingredients in gymnema elevated beneficial liver enzymes and the body’s natural antioxidants to combat inflammatory free radicals.May also help reduce the symptoms of arthritis and gout.

The herb is a mild diuretic and may help with water retention. This is yet another way gymnema can help with weight loss.

Gymnema tea is the more traditional way to take gymnema sylvestre. It makes sense that by drinking the herb as a tea you’d give it a chance to block the sugar receptors on your tongue directly.

To make up a cup, simply add a heaped teaspoon to a tea strainer and add hot water. Other tea can also be added, like green tea which has its own beneficial properties for weight loss.

It’s best to have a cup of gymnema tea before any meal that has a lot of simple carbohydrates like bread or rice.

While gymnema is considered safe for most people and there are no commonly listed side effects of gymnema sylvestre. People currently taking diabetes medication should consult a doctor before using gymnema sylvestre and avoid taking it right at the same time as prescription drugs or when administering insulin injections.

Gymnema sylvestre capsules or  gymnema tea is also not recommended for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding and those on antidepressant medication.

Additionally it shouldn’t be taken at the same time as aspirin or the herb St. John’s wort as they may increase its blood sugar lowering effects.

10. gurhal (Hibiscus rosa-sinesis)

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Indian Ayurvedic medicine has recognized the medicinal effects of this flower long ago and recommends its use in treating many ailments. Chinese herbology also considers medicinal value of this plant.

Various parts of the plant are rich in phytonutrients which can be attributed for its medicinal properties. It contains polysaccharides, anthocyanins, flavonoids, pectin and organic acids such as malic acid, citric acid, and tartaric acid.

Latest research using hibiscus are in  benefits of hibiscus in treatment of diabetes. Various parts of this plant have shown potential results in reducing blood sugar and lipid levels.

study published in Indian Journal of clinical biochemistry found that extract of hibiscus root reduced diabetes in drug induced diabetic rats. Similarly other study pointed out antidiabetic properties of Hibiscus leaf extract.

study published in Journal of Enthopharmacology suggests that the blood sugar reducing properties of ethanol flower extract of Hibiscus is comparable to the drug glibenclamide.

Hibiscus is an excellent remedy for weight loss. The flower of this plant is found to contain hydroxycitric acid, an ingredient commonly found in most weight loss pills.

Studies reveal that this herb contains enzyme inhibitors that stimulate the release of amylase, an enzyme that helps in breaking down starch and sugars. This leads to the reduced absorption of these substances by your body.

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Hibiscus is rich in antioxidants which protect damage of cells from free radicals which often cause cancerous development. Various studies have been undertaken to study protective effect of hibiscus in preventing tumors and cancer.

The high concentration of vitamin C in hibiscus helps in fighting diseases and infections by strengthening the natural defense system of your body.

It has strong anti-microbial properties, which fights off the bacteria and viruses that attack your body. In-vitro studies has found strong antibacterial activity of Hibiscus flower extract over human pathogens and suggests its use in drug development.

Hibiscus tea contains vitamins and minerals like flavonoids which have antidepressant properties. Consumption of hibiscus tea can help calm down the nervous system, and it may reduce anxiety and depression by creating a relaxed sensation in the mind and body.

Many people drink hibiscus tea to improve digestion as it regularizes both urination and bowel movements. Since it has diuretic properties, it is also used to treat constipation, which helps you lose weight, improve the health of your gastrointestinal system, and avoid colorectal cancer.

The health benefits of hibiscus tea include lowering blood pressure (anti-hypertensive property). Therefore, it is not recommended for people who already have low blood pressure, a condition called hypotension. It may cause faintness, dizziness, and can even damage the heart or brain if consumed by anyone with low blood pressure.

Hibiscus tea is not recommended for pregnant women and for those undergoing hormonal treatments or taking birth control pills, it is recommended to consult your health specialist regarding consumption of hibiscus tea.

Some people develop allergic reactions such as itchy red eyes, sinus or hay fever when consuming hibiscus teaDon’t drive a car or try anything particularly dangerous until you know what its effects are on your system.

 

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It is imperative that in seeking to complement treatment with Chinese or indian herbs, a diabetic does not stop taking any regular medication from their GPs or consultants and that the blood glucose levels are closely monitored whilst on a course of treatment.

This online database can help you to find interactions between drugs and natural medicines.

Also Refer to our article Using Herbal Remedies Safely!

If you have any information,questions, or feedback you would like to include in this post.

Please email momo19@diabetessupportsite.com or leave your comments below


How Diabetes Affects Your Teeth And Gums

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Just like high blood glucose makes it easier for you to get an infection in other places in your body, high blood glucose levels also make it easier to get a gum infection, or other infection in your mouth.

The high blood sugar level makes it easier for bacteria to thrive and multiply. Plaque is a colorless, sticky collection of bacteria; if it hardens into tartar and isn’t removed in time, then cavities form.

One of the warning signs of diabetes is increased thirst. Diabetes inhibits the salivary glands, making the mouth feel dry. Saliva is needed to wash away plaque, so if you have less saliva, you could have more plaque which leads to tooth decay.

An infection in your gums may be a reason why you are unable to keep your blood glucose in a good range. An infection anywhere in your body could be a reason for unruly blood glucose.

Decaying teeth and poor oral habits contribute to periodontal disease, as does smoking. Periodontal disease is an infection that develops of the gum, and underlying bone, that holds the teeth in place.

When periodontal disease is left unchecked, it can lead to worsening blood glucose control, due to the fact that there is bacteria in the gum or bone that hold the teeth in place. Chewing can also become painful, and loss of teeth may occur.

What Is Periodontal Disease?

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The most common and well known form of gum disease is gingivitis. The condition involves the inflammation of the gingiva or gums surrounding the necks of the teeth, and is caused by plaque developing along the gumline.

Symptoms include red and swollen gums, as well as gum bleeding, which can be seen on your toothbrush or at a dental exam. Often noticeable through bad breath, gingivitis can also be caused by a number of health conditions or medical changes in an individual.

Fortunately, there is no bone loss around the teeth from the development of gingivitis, and it can be easily treated or prevented. A quality soft toothbrush, especially a battery-powered one, should be used twice a day to decrease the risk of developing gingivitis.

Flossing will further reduce the chances of developing the disease, as will other common oral hygienic practices: mouth rinses, water picks and interproximal cleansing devices.

The second-most common periodontal disease is “periodontitis.” Like gingivitis, it is caused by bacterial plaque, but it can cause loss of bone support within the teeth. It can be treated or prevented, but rarely can the damage be reversed. Periodontitis can occur if gingivitis is left untreated.

Signs of periodontitis, like gingivitis, include red and swollen gums, and bleeding. The formation of gum pockets around the teeth may also occur, which is defined by an opening around the gum tissue of the teeth. This allows bacteria and the formation of tartar to get deeper under the gum line. This deepening of the pocket is associated with bone loss, and can lead to tooth loss if left untreated.

Uncontrolled diabetes, obesity, genetic susceptibility and poor oral hygiene can all heighten a person’s risk of developing periodontitis. Untreated periodontits can not only yield tooth loss, but create systemic health issues such as an increased risk of cardiovascular (heart) disease.

How Periodontal Disease Affects Diabetes

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People with diabetes are more likely to have periodontal disease than people without diabetes, probably because people with diabetes are more susceptible to contracting infections. In fact, periodontal disease is often considered a complication of diabetes. Those people who don’t have their diabetes under control are especially at risk.

Other lifestyle factors such as obesity, physical activity and diet are also likely to affect the risk of periodontitis.

Research has suggested that the relationship between diabetes and periodontal disease goes both ways – periodontal disease may make it more difficult for people who have diabetes to control their blood sugar.

Severe periodontal disease can increase blood sugar, contributing to increased periods of time when the body functions with a high blood sugar. This puts people with diabetes at increased risk for diabetic complications.

Good blood glucose control is key to controlling and preventing mouth problems. People with poor blood glucose control get gum disease more often and more severely than people whose diabetes is well controlled.




Other problems diabetes can cause are dry mouth and a fungal infection called thrush. Dry mouth happens when you do not have enough saliva—the fluid that keeps your mouth wet. Diabetes may also cause the glucose level in your saliva to increase. Together, these problems may lead to thrush, which causes painful white patches in your mouth.

Daily brushing and flossing, regular dental check-ups and good blood glucose control are the best defense against the oral complications of diabetes.

A sensitive toothbrush is always the first step, and proper oral hygiene is a must to help prevent peridontitis. If you’re a smoker, quitting is also highly recommended. Treatment of peridontitis by your dentist and hygienist will include deep cleanings, called scaling and root planing, but more serious areas of bone loss around the teeth may require gum surgery, including gum and bone grafts.

Keep in mind: After the periodontits is controlled, it is never truly cured. Seek frequent annual cleanings to prevent long-term problems.

Other common Dental Problems from Diabetes

Defeat Dental Problems

Infection and delayed healing – Diabetes lowers your resistance to infection, delays healing and can complicate gum and oral surgeries. It may also be difficult to control your blood sugar levels after surgery.  Doctors ask for blood glucose levels to be checked before any invasive oral procedure or surgery. In case the diabetes is not well controlled, the procedure is usually deferred.

Increased tooth decay – Bacteria in the mouth interact with starches and sugars in food to form plaque on your teeth. In diabetics, the increased blood sugar level increases your risk of tooth decay.

Thrush

Thrush is a fungus of the oral cavity, or mouth. With diabetes, high glucose causes fungus levels to rise in the mouth. Wearing dentures, or smoking, also increases the risk of thrush. An oral suspension is usually given to the patient to swish and swallow several times per day to cure this infection. To prevent it, keep your diabetes in check, clean dentures regularly, and do not smoke or use tobacco products.

Dry mouth

Dry mouth can cause your mouth to be sore, can cause infections or ulcers in the mouth, or even tooth decay. It is sometimes a sign that a person has diabetes. This is because when your mouth is dry, there is no saliva. Saliva provides protection against bacteria. Saliva coats teeth with needed minerals, and washes away food particles from around teeth. This promotes the growth of microorganisms in the mouth that can cause gum infection or tooth decay.

Be sure to check with your pharmacist that your medications are not causing your mouth to dry. Many over the counter and prescription medications can cause dry mouth, in fact the list is quite extensive.

Artificial saliva may be prescribed, and may help with the symptom of dry mouth, while not only uncomfortable, can contribute to periodontal disease. Again, good control of blood glucose is key to preventing dry mouth.

Oral burning

If blood glucose levels are not controlled well, it can lead to a condition known as oral burning. A bitter taste may accompany the burning sensation, along with dry mouth. Often these symptoms get worse as the day goes on.

Other common symptoms include:

A mouth ulcer or sore in the mouth that won’t heal

Holes in your teeth or dark spots

Mouth, jaw, or face pain

Loose teeth

Problems with chewing, including pain

A bad taste in the mouth, or change in sense of taste, or bad breath that doesn’t go away with brushing

Dental Tips for Diabetics

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The following are some tips that people with diabetes should follow in order to prevent dental problems.

1.Keep your blood glucose in your target range, with an A1C of less than 7 percent (or as specified by your doctor)

2.See your dentist for regular six month check-ups and cleanings, or even more often if your dentist recommends it or when you develop a problem with your teeth or gums in between visits

3.Tell your dentist that you have diabetes, and let him or her know your recent diabetes numbers (A1C, recent blood glucose reading)

4.Brush teeth at using gentle circular motions at least twice daily with a soft bristle tooth brush using fluoride toothpaste, and don’t forget to brush your tongue and get a new toothbrush every three months

5.Floss daily using a long piece of dental floss, working your floss along the gum line and up each tooth, and rinse well following flossing (if your gums bleed, keep flossing! They will toughen up in time)

6.Use an anti-plaque mouth rinse to help prevent plaque build up

7.Use a dental pick or brush, which are tools that can get between the teeth better than a toothbrush

8.Keep dentures clean, and remove them at night and get adjusted if they don’t fit right

9.Gummy or hard candies, sodas, processed fruit snacks or dried fruits, all of these are full of sugar that adheres to the teeth and feeds oral bacteria.

So don’t let that plaque and the oral bacteria with it damage your teeth. Limit your sugar consumption to reasonable amounts, and brush regularly.

10.Including more calcium in your diet isn’t just about building strong bones, it’s also great for your teeth.

7 Easy And Effective Ways For Natural Teeth Whitening

11.Fruits and vegetables contain significant quantities of vitamin C and vitamin A, which are important for healthy gums and building enamel.

Here are some good options:

Apples,Bananas,Pineapples,Cucumbers,Strawberries,Carrots,Watermelon,Celery and Garlic.

Try and include as many vegetables and fruit in your diet as you can, assuming they are not just good for your teeth, but for your whole body as well.

Oral Health Essentials

12.While you should quit smoking for a numerous other reasons, quitting will also be better for your teeth and gums.

Smoking weakens your immune system, making it harder for your mouth to fight off a gum infection. As a matter of fact, smokers have twice the risk for gum disease compared with a nonsmoker.

And, after the infection damages the gums, continuing smoking makes it more difficult for your gums to heal.

And it’s not just smoking. Consuming tobacco in all its forms – cigarettes, spit tobacco, pipes – can raise your risk for gum disease. So please, quit using tobacco.

13.Mucosal cells in our mouths turn over within three to seven days. So nutrient shortfalls or excesses will show up in mouth tissue before they show up anywhere else.

Periodontal disease is associated with lower blood levels of vitamins and minerals. And getting enough of specific nutrients can be important to successful treatment.

Nutrient What you need it for
Protein Tooth structure, mucosal/connective tissue development, and immune function.
Calcium Tooth structure; may enhance enamel remineralization.
Phosphorus Tooth structure.
Zinc Mucosal/connective tissues and immune function.
Antioxidants Mucosal/connective tissues and immune function.
Folate Mucosal/connective tissues and immune function; low levels are associated with periodontal disease.
Iron Mucosal/connective tissues and immune function.
Vitamin A Mucosal/connective tissues and immune function. But be aware that getting too much from supplements may result in gum problems.
Vitamin C Collagen maturation and to maintain the integrity of the periodontal ligament; mucosal/connective tissues and immune function.
Omega-3 fats Mucosal/connective tissues and immune function; modulates the inflammatory response.
Vitamin D Mucosal/connective tissues, immune function; may enhance enamel remineralization.
B vitamins Epithelial cell turnover.

Try to get the nutrients mentioned above from whole foods. (Bonus: You give your teeth and gums a workout!) Unless you have a known deficiency, supplements should not be necessary.

What Is Clean Eating?

14.It is  our responsibility to make sure that we take good care of our teeth and gums. Moreover, this does not only mean going to the dentist and brushing our teeth regularly. This also means practicing proper oral care and hygiene.

Click the following link for How To Get Rid Of Gum Disease

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Are These Pills Safe for Diabetics? Find Out What to Watch Out For

Diabetes Risks from Prescription and Nonprescription Drugs: Mechanisms and Approaches to Risk Reduction

For people living with diabetes, it really becomes a challenge when they also have co-existing health concerns. This is because diabetics have to make sure that the pills they take will not be detrimental to the management of their condition.

Take breast enhancers, for example. There are already pills out on the market that can do the job of increasing your breasts to the size you prefer, but for women with diabetes, these might not be as readily accessible. Taking them alongside one’s current medication may prove to be a risky drug combination.

Drug Interaction

Here is the major concern. Drugs that treat diabetes are some of the most reactive medications out there. This means that they bear a higher risk of causing adverse drug reactions. While some reactions are mild enough to be managed at home, some have caused hospitalization and in some unfortunate cases, death.

How exactly do these drugs interact?

When you take in a certain pill, it will then be absorbed into the bloodstream and will proceed to do what it needs to do. Interaction happens when the effect of another pill interferes with the effects of other pills taken. This is the main reason why you have to understand the effects of each of the different pills that you take. Even the most mundane of pills, such as herbal breast enhancers or those for a common cold might still pose health concerns.

Possible Effects

As mentioned earlier, some effects really do not have a bad outcome.  However, there are several serious effects that might exacerbate certain conditions especially for those living with diabetes.  Some of these include the following:

Higher blood pressure levels

Drugs staying in the bloodstream longer than necessary

Drugs blocking metabolism which might cause fatal heart rhythms

Inhibiting the effects of drugs that are used to treat or manage the major health concern

Drugs affecting kidneys

Drugs increasing the risk of bleeding or fluid retention

Drugs causing rhabdomyolysis or incidence of muscle breakdown

Breast Enhancers

Without a doubt, there certainly are quite a number of medically approved breast enhancers available on the market.  However, this does not mean to say that anyone can safely take them, especially those with health concerns like diabetes.

In fact, the American Society of Plastic Surgeons has issued an advisory regarding this very issue.  Some pills might be dangerous when mixed with other medications, so it would be ill-advised to take any sort of medication without proper consultation and research.

To start, it is essential that one first know the most common ingredients found in breast enhancers.  Some of the most popular components found in herbal supplements that claim breast enhancing properties are the following:

Blessed thistle

Dong quai

Fennel seed

Fenugreek

Kelp

Licorice

Mexican wild yam

Pueraria mirifica

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What You Can Do

For people who self-manage their health concerns such as diabetes, research is not enough. Here are some things that you can do to protect you from dangerous effects of drug combinations.

1.The number one thing is to consult one’s physician. Make sure you have the list of all of the drugs you take.  In fact, it would be better if you bring the drugs themselves.  If you want to take breast enhancers even those in the form of supplements, you still have to declare them and disclose what pills you intend to take.

2.To know more about possible drug interactions, you can also check the FDA website. It has detailed information regarding drug interactions that will be helpful to you.  Several medical-related websites offer the same information but be careful about relying solely on online sources for drug information.  The safest thing is to show the pills to your physician or your trusted pharmacist before taking them.

Have a safety-first mindset.  Before taking in pills like breast enhancers with your existing medication, make sure you know what you are getting yourself into.  See your physician.  Do your research.  This might spell the difference between life and death.

Author:Melissa Lobo

Melissa is a young and energetic writer, a mom to a sweet little boy, and a fur-mom to two perfect pooches. Before becoming the Associate Content Director for Project Female, she was a journalist specializing in topics related to women in politics and policy affecting women.

Email address:
mlobo@expertlinked.com

Recent Work:
10 Things Every Woman Can Do To Improve Her Outlook And Day
The Top Ways Society Tries to Keep Women Down and How to Overcome the Hurdles
Understanding and Treating Female Hair Loss
The Ultimate Guide to Weight Loss for Women

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Stretching Exercises For Diabetics

Category : Diabetes & Exercise

stretching-excercise-book

Stretch early, stretch often. Stretching, in addition to regular physical activity, may help the body control blood glucose and respond to insulin by improving circulation. Feel better throughout your day by starting off with these 8 simple stretches.

Wake Up Your Body with These Easy Stretches

stretching-lower body

 

Stretching Poster: Lower Body

Start your day on the right side of the bed with these feel-good stretches. These eight simple moves can improve your foot, ankle, and hip mobility, decrease knee and lower-back pain, and build lower-leg strength. In addition to benefiting your legs, these stretches lengthen the muscles that help maintain a strong back. They’ll also get you breathing and can help reduce stress.

 

15 Stretches You Should Do Every Day

Ease into the moves by starting in bed when you wake up. Then get up and use a sturdy piece of furniture for support to complete the circuit.

Equipment needed: A sturdy piece of furniture such as a chair or dresser and, if desired, ankle weights.

Bridge

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Lie on your back; bend knees with feet hip-width apart and palms flat on the bed. Using your gluteal (buttock) muscles, slowly lift hips toward the ceiling.

Curl your spine one vertebra at a time until your shoulders are slightly off the bed. Then slowly lower your hips to the starting position. Exhale as you raise your body; inhale as you lower it.

Perform 5 to 8 times at a comfortable pace.

The benefit: This exercise stretches your back and strengthens your glutes.

5 Moves to Prevent Back Pain

 

Lower-Back Stretch with Ankle Rotations

Lie on your back with one knee bent and foot on the bed. Extend the other leg up, holding the back of the thigh or the shin to comfortably draw the leg closer to your chest.

Slowly rotate the raised ankle in one direction 8 times, then rotate in the opposite direction 8 times. Switch legs and repeat.

The benefit: This move stretches your lower back and wakes up your ankles and feet.

Hamstring Stretch

Lie on your back with one knee bent and foot on the bed. Extend the other leg toward the ceiling. Hold the extended leg with both hands behind the thigh, gently pulling it toward your torso and keeping the knee straight. Rest your head on the pillow; do not strain your neck.

Point and flex your ankle joint as you hold the stretch for 10 seconds. Switch legs and repeat.

The benefit: This stretch increases the flexibility of your hamstrings and lower back.

Seated Knee Extensions

Sit tall in a chair with your feet hip-width apart, knees bent, and feet firmly on the floor. Rest your hands on the sides of the chair. Straighten your right leg, tightening the muscles above the kneecap. Pause briefly, then slowly lower your foot to starting position.

Do 10 repetitions. Switch legs and repeat.

The benefit: This exercise strengthens the legs.

Ankle Action

Sit tall in a chair with your feet hip-width apart, knees bent, and feet firmly on the floor. Rest your hands on the sides of the chair.

A. Lift one foot off the ground. Flex the lifted foot by bringing your toes toward your shin.

B. Point the foot by lowering your toes toward the floor, keeping your heel in the same position.

Do 10 repetitions. Switch feet and repeat.

The benefit: This stretch improves the mobility and stability of the ankle joints, which are important for balance and movement.

Tip: These two joint actions are critical to ankle health. Instead of making this a separate move, this ankle action stretch can be implemented throughout your exercise routine by pointing and flexing the foot of your working leg while holding the stretches.

 

Standing Hip Circles

Stretching Poster Chart Set: Laminated (1) Neck, Shoulders, Back, Chest and Arms Stretching Poster – (2) Hips, Gluteus, Hamstring, Quadriceps and Calf Stretch Poster – Upper & Lower Body Flexibility – Improve Range of Motion

Stand on one leg, with the leg and foot in line with your body, and hold the back of a chair for support. Lift and extend the other leg to the side of your body and make circles (about the size of a dinner plate) with the leg.

Your knees should stay slightly bent, and the movement should start from the hip. Keep the circles slow, controlled, and symmetrical.Draw 8 circles in one direction with your leg, then 8 in the opposite direction. Switch legs and repeat.The benefit: Your hips and gluteal muscles will appreciate this stretch.

Standing Calf Raises

 

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Using a sturdy chair for support, stand on one leg and wrap the toe of the opposite leg behind your ankle. Rise on the ball of the working foot as high as you can go, then slowly and smoothly lower the heel back to the floor.

Perform 10 repetitions. Switch legs and repeat.

The benefit: This move uses your body weight to stretch and strengthen the calf muscles.

Standing Figure 4

Hold on to a sturdy chair for support. Cross one leg over the opposite thigh, as if you are sitting with one leg crossed over the other in a chair. Lower your body, pretending to sit. Feel the strength building in your supporting leg and the stretch in the outer hip of the other leg.

Hold for 10 seconds. Switch legs and repeat.

The benefit: This stretch opens up the hip and is a true feel-good move.

How To Do Stretching Exercises Correctly

flexibility- training

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Stretching exercises help keep your joints flexible, prevent stiffness, and may help reduce your chance of injury during other activities. Gentle stretching for 5 to 10 minutes also helps your body warm up and get ready for aerobic activities such as walking or swimming, but some people find it easier to stretch after their activity ends (and that is fine, too).

Some activities that count as flexibility exercises include:

Basic (static) stretches

Dynamic stretching (such as high knees or back kicks)

Pilates

pilates

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It is important to make sure you are doing basic stretching exercises correctly. Stretching should feel mild and relaxing. It should never feel uncomfortable or painful.

Follow the pointers below when stretching or doing any flexibility exercises.

Do

Relax as you stretch

Stretch only to the point that you feel mild tension

Hold a steady stretch for 5-15 seconds

For dynamic stretches, keep your movements fluid

Breathe deeply and slowly as you stretch

Keep it comfortable

Ease off the stretch if you feel discomfort

Don’t

Bounce or bob as you stretch

Focus on tension-creating thoughts

Hold your breath

Strain or push to the point of pain

 

Benefits of Stretching for Diabetes

lower-body-excercises

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Stretching is an essential part of an exercise program for everyone — yet there are some benefits of stretching that specifically relate to diabetes. A study in the Journal of Physiotherapy concludes 20 minutes of stretching may lower blood sugar levels both in people with type 2 diabetes and those at risk of it. In the study, participants did 40 minutes of upper- and lower-body stretching after eating a meal. The results showed that glucose (blood sugar) levels were reduced by an average of 28 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) midway through the stretching session and 24 mg/dL after the full 40 minutes.

Though more research is needed to confirm these glucose-lowering benefits, stretching has other proven health benefits. “We know that diabetes itself can decrease range of motion and flexibility,” explains Guy Hornsby, Jr., PhD, director of the Human Performance Lab and associate professor of human physiology at West Virginia University in Morgantown. “People with type 2 diabetes may not have good flexibility, but simple stretching exercises can help overcome that.”

Stretching can also improve balance and prevent falls. Falls among older adults are a major cause of injury and disability. That makes injury prevention one of the biggest benefits of stretching, says Jane K. Dickinson, RN, PhD, CDE, a diabetes educator and coordinator of the masters of science in diabetes education and management program at the Teachers College of Columbia University in New York City. “If a person with type 2 diabetes falls and gets injured, they may have to stop exercising for a while, and that’s a scenario we don’t want,” Dickinson says.

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Strength Training For Diabetes

Category : Diabetes & Exercise

Strength training is  a key part of any fitness plan.

Don’t belong to a gym with weight machines? No problem! You can use hand-held weights, resistance bands, or even your own body weight to build muscle.

As you age, strength training (also called resistance training), can help you keep doing everyday activities such as walking, lifting things, and climbing stairs. Plus, it’s good for your bones.

Health Benefits Of Strength Training For Diabetics

For people with diabetes, strength training helps the body :

Respond better to insulin

Improve the way it uses blood sugar

Lose weight

Lower your risk for heart disease

Studies show that it’s as good as aerobic exercise at boosting how well your body uses insulin. (Also doing aerobic exercise may be even better.)

It is recommended that people with type1 &type 2 diabetes start a strength training program to help with blood sugar control.

If you’re not active now, check in with your doctor first. Ask if there are any moves you should avoid.

It’s a good idea to work with a certified fitness instructor or trainer, so you learn the right way to do each exercise.

Your strength training program should work your whole body two to three times a week. Set up your schedule so that you work different muscle groups on different days, or do a longer workout less often.

Don’t work the same muscle groups 2 days in a row. Give your muscles a chance to recover and get stronger!

When you get started, set yourself up for success with a moderate schedule. Do each move 10-15 times (one set) up to three times a week.

Once you get used to that, you can gradually do more, until you’re doing three sets of 10-15 repetitions up to three times a week.

Always warm up before you exercise. Brisk walking is a good way to do that. When you’re done strength training, do a series of stretches, holding each stretch for 30 to 60 seconds, to end your workout.

Lift Weights to Control Diabetes

When you do strength training exercises that target muscles, your body uses glucose from your bloodstream to power them, which can help clear out excess sugar from your system.Toned muscles also store glucose more effectively, and that helps regulate blood sugar even when you’re at rest.

Strength training also helps build stronger bones and it promotes weight loss — an important goal for many with type 2 diabetes — because the more muscles you have, the more calories you burn.

19 Reasons to Start Strength Training

Keep in mind that strengthening exercises are just one part of a well-rounded fitness program. In addition to strength training twice a week, it is recommended that adults also get at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise, such as jogging or cycling, each week.

In fact, while both aerobics and strength training are helpful when you have diabetes, a long-term program of both produces the greatest health benefits,

Three Strength Training Exercises

Motivated to add strength training to your fitness routine, but not sure how? Here’s how to get started.

If you’ve never done strength training, start slow and resist overdoing it. Steady progression is key. For instance, with exercises involving handheld weights, choose a weight that you will be able to lift for one set of 8 to 10 reps . Work toward completing one set of 15 reps each and then move on to higher weights and/or two to three sets.

Always rest muscles at least one day between sessions. If you feel sore, ease up until you feel better.

You can strength-train with free weights, resistance bands, and exercises that use your own body weight as resistance. At the gym, try weight machines, which are often better for learning proper form.  Work with a personal trainer to find the best exercises for you.

If you want to do strength training exercises at home that require little or no extra equipment, these simple moves can get you started:

Chair dips. Stand with your back to a sturdy chair or low table. Sit on the edge of the chair, with your arms behind you. Place your palms on the edge, fingers pointed toward you. Lift your buttocks off the chair and walk your feet forward, making sure your knees don’t bend past your toes. Slowly bend your elbows, lowering your body down, and then straighten. This works several upper-body muscles, including the triceps (rear upper arm), deltoids (part of the shoulder), and pectoral (chest) muscles.

Wall squats. Stand with your back against a wall, feet about a foot in front of you. Bend your knees as you lower your back along the wall until you are in a position similar to one you’d be in if sitting in a chair. Hold for several seconds, then return to standing. This works the quadriceps and hamstrings (front and back of the thighs).

Curls. Hold a lightweight dumbbell in each hand, arms at your sides with palms facing up. Holding elbows steady, curl up your forearms to bring the weights almost to your shoulders, then return to starting position. If you don’t have dumbbells, try this with two soup cans or water bottles. Curls work the biceps (muscles on the front of upper arms).

For each of these exercises, aim for one or two sets of 8 to 12 repetitions.

Managing Blood Sugar While Strength Training

Check with your doctor before starting a strength training program. As with any exercise, strength training can lower your blood sugar level, so you should check your blood sugar before and after exercising to see what kind of effect the activity has on your body.

If your blood sugar dips too low, you may want to have a snack before or during your routine. It may also be a good idea to talk to your doctor about changing your medications to allow for your increased physical activity.

Above all, be smart about your new exercise routine to keep it safe and enjoyable. The best thing to do is start slow.You can gradually increase the intensity and reach your goals.

For more great Health and Nutrition Tips refer to the website positivehealthwellness.com.

10 Strengthening Exercises To Relieve Knee Pain

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Aerobic Exercises For Diabetics

Category : Diabetes & Exercise

Aerobics Exercise Activity Log Journal

How much exercise is right for you? For people with diabetes thirty minutes of aerobic exercise each day is recommended.

Exercise is so important for people with diabetes that it is recommended that diabetics miss no more than one day of aerobic exercise in a row.

I found that if I missed a day of walking in the countryside around my area I felt more tired and less relaxed as exercise is good for relieving stress!

Today I went for a walk on my usual route where I passed this bolted gateway which I always found interesting and I was eager to explore inside but today it was open for the first time!

I went in and found a lovely hay field where a young man was working!He was doing hard physical work and he looked strong and healthy!

See below a picture of this man and the golden hayfield!

 

I was wondering do any of you know a secluded place near you where you would like to explore further?

If you have could you please leave a comment below about it and a photo also if you like or email this information to me as it would be interesting!

Exercises for Diabetics

There are many exercises that will benefit people with diabetes. Here are some recommended:

Walking — Because anyone can do it almost anywhere, walking is the most popular exercise and one we highly recommend for people with diabetes. Thirty minutes to one hour of brisk walking, every day is a great, easy way to increase your physical activity.

Today also I came across thistles on my walk which I didnt notice before!

They reminded me of the country where I was born which is Scotland!See a picture of the thistles arent they a nice national emblem!They also reminded me of one of my favourite films which is Braveheart!

Thistles The National Emblem Of Scotland

Why dont we all leave a comment down below about our national emblem and a photo if you have one,also let me know what is your favourite film and why?

Dancing —Dancing is not only great for your body. The mental work to remember dance steps and sequences actually boosts brain power and improves memory.  For those with diabetes, it is a fun and exciting way to increase physical activity, promote weight loss, improve flexibility, lower blood sugar and reduce stress.

Chair dancing, which incorporates the use of a chair to support people with limited physical abilities, makes dancing an option for many people. In just 30 minutes, a 150-pound adult can burn up to 150 calories.

Swimming 101: The Fitness Benefits

Swimming — Swimming stretches and relaxes your muscles and doesn’t put pressure on your joints, which is great for people with diabetes. For those with diabetes or at risk for developing diabetes, studies show it improves cholesterol levels, burns calories and lowers stress levels.

To get the most benefit from swimming, its recommended that you swim at least five  times a week for at least twenty minutes and gradually increase the length of the workout. Make sure to have a snack and monitor blood sugar levels. Lastly, let the lifeguard know that you have diabetes before you get in the pool!

3 Unusual Exercises That Improve Control Over Your Core And Body

For more great Health and Nutrition Tips refer to the website positivehealthwellness.com.

 

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HOW TO COPE WITH DIABETES

Diabetes (How to Cope Sucessfully with…) (How to Cope Successfully with…)

Among chronic diseases, diabetes is unique in the amount of time and attention it requires of the person who has it to remain healthy. It is therefore no surprise that taking care of yourself may feel difficult or challenging at times.

That’s why dealing with diabetes over the long term requires developing a range of coping skills and techniques, from learning to carry out the daily tasks of diabetes control, to finding ways to deal with the emotions that having diabetes and having to care for it are bound to bring up at times.

Assertiveness training enables one to communicate in ways that are direct, honest, and appropriate.

Working in a group setting allows members to observe the behavior of others as well as practice and obtain feedback on how effectively they communicate with the other members of the group.

These models can also be used to help diabetics with eating situations, such as ordering food prepared in a healthy manner in a restaurant and assuring that one’s needs are met.

Cognitive Behavior Modification

Cognitive behavior modification is composed of three steps.

These steps are:

1) recognition of thoughts and feelings,

2) problem-solving, and

3) guided self-dialogue.

The first step is working with the person to reflect on how he or she thinks and then responds to situations. The individual’s thoughts are examined to consider if the thoughts are based on fact or assumption. Once the thoughts are examined, the next step is to problem-solve. The third step is teaching the person to use thoughts to help follow through on the decision made in the previous step.

The use of pen and paper is appropriate when teaching this skill. Group members can list their negative thoughts and then the member and the group can formulate alternate positive thoughts to counter the negative thoughts.

An example of  this skill is that many diabetics are quite frightened by the possibility of severe hypoglycemia, but sometimes, this fear is out of proportion to the likelihood of its occurrence.

When diabetics exaggerate in this way, they can be taught to change their thinking about the likelihood of a severe hypoglycemic event, thereby eliminating this barrier to striving for better metabolic control.

Conflict Resolution

The basis of conflict resolution is the acquisition of skills necessary to resolve conflict in a positive manner that results in positive outcomes for all parties involved in the conflict.

The first step in this training is development of the understanding that in any conflict, both parties can win and that each and every conflict should be approached in this manner.

The diabetic is helped to focus on clear communication and problem-solving skills. Once the conflict is identified, all possible outcomes and the consequences to these outcomes are explored.

A role-play can then be set up to “try out” the communication of the decision. For example, spouses who are having difficulty negotiating various aspects of diabetes management can be taught to resolve these conflicts in this manner.

Diabetes is a long-term stressor that has the potential for patients to have difficulty in coping with the day-to-day management of diabetes.

Medical professionals can evaluate their diabetics coping abilities in both formal and informal ways, and this information can be used to assist the patients in developing better coping skills. Such improved coping skills may assist diabetics achieving better metabolic control and quality of life.

HOW PETS CAN IMPROVE YOUR MENTAL AND PHYSICAL HEALTH

ELLE-AND-COACH

When I am feeling down and fed-up with my diabetes , my dogs come to my rescue. They cuddle with me, then motivate me to go out the door to take them for a walk or some play time.  My fur-friends get me to smile and feel happier no matter how ill or upset I feel.

I am not alone. It turns out that all pets, not just dogs, can help your mind, body, and spirit.

When you come home to a purr or wagging tail at the end of a stressful day, the sudden wave of calm you feel isn’t just your imagination.

Research suggests that your fluffy friend truly is good for your physical and mental health. Pets provide unconditional acceptance and love and they’re always there for you, There is a bond and companionship that makes a big difference in mental health,not to mention the extra exercise you get from walks and playtime.

Sun and fresh air elevate your mood and the sun gives you an extra dose of vitamin D. Vitamin D exposure helps fight physical and mental conditions, including depression, cancer, obesity, and heart attacks. Also, when you go outside with your pet, you are engaging with nature.

More than any other animal, dogs have evolved to become acutely attuned to humans and our behavior and emotions. While dogs are able to understand many of the words we use, they’re even better at interpreting our tone of voice, body language, and gestures.

And like any good human friend, a loyal dog will look into your eyes to gauge your emotional state and try to understand what you’re thinking and feeling (and to work out when the next walk or treat might be coming, of course).

While most dog owners are clear about the immediate joys that come with sharing their lives with canine companions, many remain unaware of the physical and mental health benefits that can also accompany the pleasure of playing with or snuggling up to a furry friend.

Research has linked the ownership of pets, especially dogs, with a reduced risk for heart disease and greater longevity.

Studies have also found that:

Dog owners are less likely to suffer from depression than those without pets.

Rhythmic petting or grooming can be comforting to your dog or cat, and you. Concentrate on the texture of his soft fur, the warmth he radiates, and his deep breaths.

When you connect with your pet, oxytocin, the hormone related to stress and anxiety relief, is released, helping to reduce blood pressure and lower cortisol levels.

People with dogs have lower blood pressure in stressful situations than those without pets. One study even found that when people with borderline hypertension adopted dogs from a shelter, their blood pressure declined significantly within five months.

Playing with a dog or cat can elevate levels of serotonin and dopamine, which calm and relax.

Being present and engaged with your pet takes your thoughts off of the issues that are plaguing you. When you are fully in the moment, you are not worrying about the past or the future. It’s just you and your pet.

Pet owners have lower triglyceride and cholesterol levels (indicators of heart disease) than those without pets.

Seeing his enthusiasm when you walk in the door can be an instant mood-lifting boost. His tail wagging, tongue hanging out his mouth , the way his ears perk up. His grunts or barks. He doesn’t care if you just screwed something up  at work, or failed a test, he loves you for being you.He is just happy to see you. He wants to be around you, to love you, and be loved by you.

Heart attack patients with dogs survive longer than those without.

Having a pet to care for can give you a feeling of purpose, which can be crucial when you are feeling really down and overwhelmed by negative thoughts.

Pet owners over age 65 make 30 percent fewer visits to their doctors than those without pets.

If you don’t like to be alone, pets can be great domestic companions. Often a pet is very intuitive and will seek you out when you’re feeling down, refusing to allow you to remain alone.

One of the reasons for these  effects is that dogs (and cats) fulfill the basic human need to touch.

Even hardened criminals in prison have shown long-term changes in their behavior after interacting with dogs, many of them experiencing mutual affection for the first time.

And if you don’t have a pet or can’t get one right now, you can volunteer at a shelter. There are many animals that can still benefit from your love, and you will feel the benefits, too!!!

If you have any suggestions on how to improve mental health or any information or questions you would like to make on the topics discussed in this post.

Please send an email to momo19@diabetessupportsite.com or leave your comments below.


SOCIAL EFFECTS OF DIABETES

Category : Family And Friends

Our Wedding Cake That My Mother-In-Law Mary Coughlan Baked It Was A Beautiful Cake

The best part of having family and friends is they help out on social occasions like your wedding day.My mother-in-law Mary saved us a good amount of money by baking our wedding cake herself.

The people at our wedding enjoyed the cake ,it was made from dried fruit rather than cream and loads of sugar so it was a healthy alternative to a lot of today’s cakes.

It was a very special day for Brendan and me,Mary helped me organise it too.We had bagpipes at the church as I am Scottish and was born in Lanarkshire near the Clyde.

Mary organised the bagpipes for me and that meant a lot to me!

Family and friends mean a lot to everyone especially people with diabetes like Brendan and myself.

They support and encourage you and keep you on the right track like my sister Joan who is a diabetic nurse she was my only bridesmaid as she is my twin sister and she was fantastic on the day!

She put jelly sweets in my wedding bag and looked after me all day which helped me a lot.

She is a great sister and I would have been lost without her that day!

My brother Jamieson gave me away.

My father Jed passed away a few years earlier he died of a heart attack and my mother Mary got breast cancer in her early fifties and also passed before my wedding day.

So Jamieson gave me away and he was very supportive especially when I was walking down the aisle I was very nervous and he held my hand and that helped.

He also gave a lovely speech which was funny and kind!

Jamieson is a great man for participitating in sports such as basketball.He coaches a youth team in Rathmore in county Kerry where he lives with his wife Joanne and three children John,Muireann and Ciara.

Joanne my sister-in-law organised the music in the church and she did a great job.She also sang in the church “The Rose”one of my favourite songs which she learned from scratch which I appreciate and I only learned this recently so I want to thank her through this website.

Today is my wedding anniversary the 27th of June and Brendan bought me a lovely bouquet of flowers.It was a very romantic thing to do and we are going out to dinner this Saturday night to celebrate in the hotel where we had our wedding reception the Woodlands Hotel in county Waterford.

See below for a picture of the bouquet of flowers Brendan bought me aren’t they lovely!

Sports is a big part of their lives especially Jamieson’s life.He is a type one diabetic too and was diagnosed not too long ago.

Sports are an important part of many people’s lives. Teamwork, camaraderie, and physical activity are vital parts of a well-rounded life. Diabetes doesn’t have to alter that. Exercise is essential in diabetes management, and participation in sports can provide this and other benefits. But it does require some extra effort by the diabetic.

One important component is tracking the effect of exercise on glucose levels, reacting to changes with Insulin or food. The varying lengths and intensity of games and practices will need to be accommodated.

Another important factor is incorporating the team concept. The coach should be educated and prepared, and alert to the diabetics needs.

It’s a good idea to set up an advance meeting, rather than try to discuss all the factors at the first practice.

Letting the player’s teammates know about the diabetes and the player’s needs is a good idea, too.

Nylon bracelets that say “Type 1 diabetes” are available when playing sports.

On the Job

When a person with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes enters the work force, they could have had their condition for some time and understand their requirements. There are no concrete steps to follow when meshing work and diabetes, because each person’s situation is different.

In certain jobs, it may not ever be necessary for the employer or coworkers to know you have diabetes. In other situations, reasonable accommodation may have to be requested .

Here are some factors to consider:

Is the job flexible so you can monitor glucose, eat snacks, and/or take insulin? If the specifics of the job or work environment don’t automatically accommodate these needs, talk to your employer about adjusting the requirements of your position or schedule.

Does the job require the employee to do activities that could be dangerous in the occasion of hypoglycemia?· Do certain requirements of the job, such as rotating to a midnight shift, cause disruptions of sleep cycles and meal times to the extent that glucose levels become difficult to manage? In such a case, a doctor’s letter may help you get the employer to accommodate this.

The diabetic’s planning skills will come in handy as they embark on any new job venture.

Family Impact Due to Diabetes

The family member who prepares the meals may make significant changes to help the diabetic. Fried foods, greasy side dishes and sugary desserts may be replaced with baked foods, raw vegetables and fresh fruit. Servings may be smaller and snacks discouraged.

My mother Mary Hughes(Nee Mc Carthy) was a lovely women with a great sense of style especially when she was young,I have a lovely photo of her and her friend when she was in her twenties and she looked very smart and elegant!

My mother had lovely skin,she did not wear much makeup,only a small bit when she was going to a wedding!

She was a great baker who baked lovely white and brown yeast bread,she baked two white loaves once a week and two brown loaves four times a week!

She also baked lovely wholewheat brown soda bread like my grandmother Hanna used to make!

She baked the brown bread more often because it was healthier for us and for my father who was a Type 1 diabetic!

She also made homemade marmalade and blackberry jam,she made the blackberry jam in the summer and the marmalade all year round!

I loved both of them especially the blackberry jam which had less sugar added!

My father was a Type 1 diabetic at the time so he had very little jam or marmalade as they were high in refined sugar!

I eat very little jam or marmalade now myself ,myself and Brendan buy some diabetic preserves however even the diabetic Jams or Marmalades arent very good for you as they are full of Aspartame!

However there are a selection of Jams and marmalades below which use Stevia which is a natural sweetener and these are quite good for you !

She also made plum jam once but we didnt like the taste!

She also made lovely rhubarb jam and I really liked it with her homemade brown soda bread!

I also loved her homemade vegetable soup with pearl barley which she made from vegetable stock!

She also made lovely scones, apple tarts and flapjacks that my father used to really like which were good for him because they were made of porridge oats!

Homemade scones are lovely and so are appletarts but they also can be high in refined sugar because of the white flour!

I think that homemade brown scones are really lovely ,they are a healthier alternative to white or fruit scones!

My father Jed Hughes liked his porridge especially after he was diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes,he liked it sprinkled with salt !

Porridge is very good for diabetics as it is a slow acting carbohydrate though I would not recommend adding salt like my father as too much salt can cause high blood pressure!

He loved my mother’s brown bread and porridge oat flapjacks!

See below a pictures of healthy preserves !

My mother Mary was a very hard worker,she worked in a nursing home before she met my father,I have a lovely picture of her holding a baby she looked after when she was in the nursing home!

After she married she left her job which was normal in her day,she was a great housewife and mother!

She enjoyed knitting and knitted us a few Aran jumpers and scarves!

I remember red aran jumpers she knitted us which we wore to school in Scotland in the Winter as it was very cold in Stonehouse where we lived!

Also she knitted us scarves and gloves a lot especially in the winter months!

She also knitted my father an aran jumper but it was a bit big on him!

She also was a dinner lady in a Golf Club near us for awhile!

She was a first class wife and mother and my father Jed often praised her for her cooking and homemaking skills!

Then when we moved from Scotland to Ireland when Joan and I were fourteen and Jamieson was just twelve,my mother got a homehelp job near us for an old women called Briddy!

How about your mother’s do they have an interesting life story I bet they have!

Please put a comment in the section below about your mother’s life as I would love to hear about it!

My mother cycled to Briddy’s house five days a week sometimes even six when she was unwell!

She use to clean out the grate,make the turf fire,sweep the kitchen,make a pot of tea and talk to Briddy for awhile!

She often would bring a selection of her homemade jam tarts to eat with Briddy!

My favourite one’s had coconut on the top and strawberry jam in the middle!

I would not recommend jam tarts now though as they are very high in refined sugar and I think maybe an alternative healthy option would be organic coconut rice cakes!

I bought them the other day in Lidl with the dark chocolate rice cakes!

I think the dark chocolate ones are nicer and healthier!

See below a picture of these rice cakes!

 

She enjoyed her time with Briddy but the cycle too and fro was the hardest part but my mother was slim and fit!

She had to cycle up a very steep hill,I cant remember the name of the hill,I must ask my family members,one of them is sure to know!

Do you have any childhood memories you would like to share if so please let me know about them in the comment section below!

My mother use to cycle an old fashioned bike belonging to my Gran Uncle Patrick!

See below a picture of my own bike which also has a basket!

He lived with us for many years so my mother was a very busy women looking after two old people,my father and the three of us!

My Gran Uncle Patrick was a nice man who gave his pension to my parents for looking after him,my mother made all his meals,looked after him when he was sick and my brother Jamieson gave him his bed as he liked my Gran Uncle Patrick very much!

Before Patrick got sick he use to live in Lissy Corner where I remember two girls who use to go to school with us Joan and Mary lived!

They lived in a house around the corner from Patrick!

My Gran Uncle Patrick lived in a white bungalow with green windowsills and he often listened to the wireless which he had on the kitchen table!

His next door neighbour had a donkey and cart which me ,my sister Joan and my brother Jamieson loved!

See below a picture of the Donkeys at the Donkey Sanctuary in Mallow County Cork!

I adopted the donkey in the middle who is called Beauty and she is a gentle,aimable donkey!

She was born in 2014 and her mother was called Amanda and when she came to the Donkey Sanctuary in Mallow which is based at Knockardbane Farm she was in foal with Beauty!

Beauty is a shy young donkey who loves nothing more than a gentle voice and a pat!

Her best friend is Orlaith Jane who is on the left in this picture!

Myself and my husband Brendan enjoyed our day at the Donkey Sanctuary!

It only costs twenty five euros a year to adopt a donkey and you get a lovely adoption pack which includes a lovely photo of your adopted donkey with a biography of the donkey!

See below the beautiful pictures you will get in the adoption pack and also you will get a Thank You note and a About Us Page and a Certificate of Adoption!

This is a beautiful hand painted picture in charcoal of Beauty my adopted donkey!

I put my picture in a picture frame and have it on the mantlepiece in my sitting room!

This is a lovely Bio and coloured photo of beauty!

This is to certify that I, Maureen Coughlan adopted Beauty!

I think that adopting a donkey is a great idea especially when it is only 25 euros a year,what do you think?

Is there a donkey sanctuary near you,if so have you been and did you take many pictures,if so can you post the pictures on the comment section below!

My Grand Uncle Patrick was a great man for cycling himself and use to cycle to Rathmore every day for brown soda bread and milk!

He use to cycle nearly every day to my grandmother’s house in Knocknaseed to keep her company as my Grandfather whose name was Denny died in World War One!

Patrick use to work in the Creamery in Rathmore which is where Cadbury’s factory is now and is situated just as you enter the village.

Cadbury’s Dairy milk was my mother Mary’s favourite chocolate bar and I always liked the theme tune for Cadbury’s Dairy milk but they dont play it anymore in Advertisements on the Telly!

Do you like the theme tune for Cadbury’s Dairy Milk please let me know if you do,and what is your favourite Cadbury’s bar and why?

My favourite Cadbury’s bars are Darkmilk and Bournville ,I would only have a bar once every fortnight for a treat as too much chocolate is bad for diabetics!

The Dairy Milk contains more milk and fat than the dark chocolate so is higher in calories so I recommend the dark chocolate varieties as they contain less fat and less calories!

Also in Rathmore there is a  Hickey’s Centra shop like many villages in Ireland,one of my classmates in the school I attended Rathmore Presentation Convent was called Anne Cahill,she was a lovely friendly young lady when I knew her,I dont know if she still works there!

I also had another classmate called Donal Dineen who also did well for himself,he is a well known Radio Presenter,he married a lady called Orla who also was from Rathmore village!

Another one of my classmates was Joan Moynihan she was a very clever girl at school and she went on to become a physiotherapist!

She was quite a good friend of mine and sometimes during the summer months she use to cycle up to our house in Knocknaseed and she always looked fit and healthy!

I went to college in Dublin where Joan went to college too!

Joan went to Trinity College to study Physiotherapy and so did her friend Eileen and they both were lovely girls and I am sure they havent changed much!

My mother Mary liked Joan’s mother a lot and Joan’s brother Tim took me to the Debs Ball in Rathmore !

We had a lovely night and Tim bought me a box of chocolates and a rose!

What about you what kind of a night did you have for your Deb’s ball?

Did you have a good night,have you any funny stories and what hotel did you go to?

As I said before in a previous post I worked in Murphy’s Bar for two years after leaving college and I use to get a lift from a lovely girl called Sheila Leary and she had a sister called Bina Leary who also was a very nice girl!

They worked for many years in a factory in Killarney but it closed down and then Sheila got a job in Quills shop in Killarney and Bina worked there also for awhile!

There was another very nice girl me and my sister Joan liked a lot her name was Nora Cassidy,she was the daughter of the only Gardai in Rathmore at the time,she was a really lovely person to have as a friend especially in Rathmore Convent as me and my sister Joan were new to the area!

My mother Mary loved all types of people especially down to earth genuine people like Joan’s mother!

Mum also liked funny people like my Uncle Paddy and him and her use to have great fun together!

I always remember how Uncle Paddy use to make my mother laugh!

My mother had a really nice friend called Anna Browning when we lived in Scotland!

Her daughter Maureen was a really good friend of mine and at school when our name was called out by the teacher neither of us knew who she was talking too!

Often on a Friday evening after school I would call to Maureen’s house for tea and I use to love her mother’s homemade pizza!

I recommend homemade pizza made from wholegrain flour rather than refined white flour and vegetable toppings such as mushrooms,fresh tomatoes,a variety of different peppers,herbs such as basil and watercress!

I was also a member of the Brownies which is a girl guide group for young girls from four to twelve!

Maureen and me with my sister Joan use to go together!

We had great fun at the Brownies especially when we tried to work for our brownie badges!

I got badges for homemaking,camping and learning the girl guide rules!

We played a lot of different games which Brown Owl the Brownie Leader organised with the Guides which were the older girls of twelve and upwards!

We all met up in Stonehouse Community Centre every Wednesday for the Brownies and every Thursdays for the Guides!

Jamieson my brother also went to the Cubs which is the boys version of the Brownies!

He loved the Cubs especially anything to do with sport!

The Rangers were the boys version of the Brownies so Jamieson left Scotland just before his twelve birthday so was too young to join the Rangers!

Are or were any of you part of the Brownies or the Cubs,or are you involved in any youth groups in any way?

If so I would love to hear all about it,please leave a comment in the section below!

My mother Mary was a quiet women but full of fun,she liked a laugh and a joke!

She liked comedy shows such as George and Mildred,Open All Hours,Fawlty Towers and Only Fools And Horses!

She was big into Coronation Street like me however I dont have much time to watch it anymore as I spend a lot of my evenings working on this website!

She took a small painting class and I remember she painted a lovely picture of a red rose which was my mother’s favourite flower!

She loved all types of flowers especially daffodils which I really like too!

See below a picture of some daffodils I saw in the Arboretum in Carlow!

I think that my mother was a very special women and I am sure that some of you feel the same way about your mother’s so why dont you write a little story each about your mother wether she is alive or passed way like mine in the comment section below!

How To Master Your Meal Prep In 8 Simple Steps

Most components of a diabetic diet are healthy for everyone, making the new meals plans a beneficial change for every family member. Open communication about how each person feels about mealtime changes can help everyone adjust.

Support Groups

At any stage of life, knowing others who have been through the same experiences as you have, or that you are about to endure, can help you through.

Socializing with people who understand your needs and responsibilities can be relaxing and fun. And helping others get through things you’ve already mastered may be most rewarding of all.

Local and online support groups like this website can make a major difference in how you handle your diabetes.

How do you help someone diagnosed with diabetes cope with self-care?

People live their lives and have a certain way of living it and have certain habits and routines. Those things are very hard to break. When you get diagnosed with diabetes, you don’t have to totally break them. But now you have to fit in something else throughout the day every day for the rest of your life.

This involves checking your blood sugar, taking your medication, watching what you eat, doing some kind of physical activity, following up with your doctor.

Some people decide their diabetes care either doesn’t fit into their routine or it falls short on their priority list. Most people will list their job and their family and other things way above diabetes care on their priority list.

Diabetics must make the connection that if they don’t take care of themselves and don’t manage the disease properly, then they’re not going to be around to have a job or spend time with their family.

Acceptance

Acceptance is often the last emotional phase that is associated with diabetes. The diabetic will eventually come to terms with their disease.

They will realize that they have to make healthy lifestyle changes in order to lead a full and productive life.

Knowing that they can change the way they eat and take care of themselves will help them live longer and be less likely to encounter diabetes-related health problems.

If you have any suggestions on how to improve this post or any information or questions or comments you would like to make on the topics discussed in this post.

Please send an email to momo19@diabetessupportsite.com or leave your comments below.


Diabetes and Depression

Living a Healthy Life with Chronic Conditions: Self-Management of Heart Disease, Arthritis, Diabetes, Depression, Asthma, Bronchitis, Emphysema and Ot

Diabetes can be a difficult condition to accept and it is not uncommon for mental health issues such as depression to occur before or following a diabetes diagnosis.

Depression is a feeling of sadness that will not  go away, and it can seriously affect quality of life. If you have been feeling hopeless for more than a week you are suffering from depression.

Signs and Symptoms of Depression

Depression – Signs, Symptoms & Treatment: You can break free from depression forever!

Ongoing sad, anxious, or empty feelings

Feeling hopeless

Feeling guilty, worthless, or helpless

Feeling irritable or restless

Loss of interest in activities or hobbies once enjoyable, including sex

Feeling tired all the time

Difficulty concentrating, remembering details, or making decisions

Difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, a condition called insomnia, or sleeping all the time

Overeating or loss of appetite

Thoughts of death and suicide or suicide attempts

Ongoing aches and pains, headaches, cramps, or digestive problems that do not ease with treatment.

Having  diabetes can leave you feeling completely alone — and that there is no one who can help you or understand what you are going through.

“Depression is common in anyone with a chronic disease, but it is particularly common in patients with type 1 diabetes,” says Jennifer Goldman-Levine, PharmD, a diabetes educator and associate professor of pharmacy practice at Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences in Boston.

10 Tips to Beat Insomnia

Depression and  Diabetes: Understanding the Link

stress-and-anxiety-poster

http://The 5-point Scale and Anxiety Curve Poster

Studies have shown that if you have diabetes, you are at increased risk of becoming depressed — in fact, you might have double the risk, according to one study. The exact reasons aren’t fully understood, but the stresses associated with having  diabetes are thought to play a part.

In addition to possibly increasing your risk for depression, diabetes may make symptoms of depression worse. The stress of managing diabetes every day and the effects of diabetes on the brain may contribute to depression. In the United States, people with diabetes are twice as likely as the average person to have depression.

At the same time, some symptoms of depression may reduce overall physical and mental health, not only increasing your risk for diabetes but making diabetes symptoms worse. For example, overeating may cause weight gain, a major risk factor for diabetes.

Fatigue or feelings of worthlessness may cause you to ignore a special diet or medication plan needed to control your diabetes, worsening your diabetes symptoms. Studies have shown that people with diabetes and depression have more severe diabetes symptoms than people who have diabetes alone.

Diabetes-associated stresses may include:

Feelings of isolation, since only 5 to 10 percent of the diabetes community has type 1 diabetes (the majority have type 2)

Feeling overwhelmed by the many things you have to do to manage your diabetes

Worrying about diabetes-related complications such as nerve damage

Loss of your sense of control when your blood sugar levels are out of control

Tension between you and your doctor

People with diabetes also have an elevated risk for anxiety disorders compared with the general population. It has been found that people with schizophrenia have higher rates of hyperglycemia and type 2 diabetes than the general population.

Causes underlying the link between mental health conditions and diabetes are complex and thought to be two-way. Evidence suggests that a combination of biological, psychosocial, environmental and behavioural factors may all be involved.

What Are The Signs Of Mild Depression?

Getting a chronic illness diagnosis can be a very stressful time for a person and can trigger behavioural/mental health symptoms. Equally someone with existing behavioural health difficulties can find it more difficult to manage the physical symptoms of a co-morbid, chronic illness such as diabetes. However, depression may also develop for physiological reasons such as the metabolic effects of diabetes on the brain.

STRESS AND DIABETES

MANAGING-STRESS-IN-THE-WORKPLACE

http://Managing Stress in the Workplace: How To Get Rid Of Stress At Work And Live A Longer Life: Volume 1 ((Stress Management) How to deal with office stress)

Occasional stress is normal. You’re bound to experience stress if you have a lot on your plate at work or in your personal life. There may also be a link between stress and diabetes. Managing blood glucose and other aspects of diabetes can be time-consuming and stressful.  Stress can make you:

feel anxious, moody, or nervous

experience upset stomach or diarrhea

breathe faster

have an increased heart rate

Stress not only makes everyday life less enjoyable, but it can also make diabetes more difficult to manage. You may experience an increase in blood pressure, as well as high blood glucose, or sugar (hyperglycemia).

When you’re stressed, your blood sugar levels rise.

Stress hormones like epinephrine and cortisol kick in since one of their major functions is to raise blood sugar to help boost energy when it’s needed most. Think of the fight-or-flight response.

You can’t fight danger when your blood sugar is low, so it rises to help meet the challenge. Both physical and emotional stress can prompt an increase in these hormones, resulting in an increase in blood sugars.

3 Things You Need To Know About Your Hormones

People who aren’t diabetic have compensatory mechanisms to keep blood sugar from swinging out of control.

But in people with diabetes, those mechanisms are either lacking or blunted, so they can’t keep a lid on blood sugar.

When blood sugar levels aren’t controlled well through diet and/ormedication, you’re at higher risk for many health complications, including blindness, kidney problems, and nerve damage leading to foot numbness, which can lead to serious injury and hard-to-heal infections.

Prolonged elevated blood sugar is also a predecessor to cardiovascular disease, which increase the risk of heart attacks and strokes.

Lifestyle changes can help alleviate stress and prevent it from taking over your life. Regular deep breathing exercises can help you relax. Mastering such techniques can also make it easier to cope in stressful situations.

It’s a good idea to check blood glucose levels more frequently when you’re ill or under stress and to drink plenty of fluids as so as not to get dehydrated.

Stress may also be effectively managed by making regular time for yourself. A diabetes support group can also help decrease stress by creating an outlet for sharing your experiences with others who understand what you’re going through.

Try progressive relaxation therapy, in which you practice tensing and relaxing major muscle groups in sequence. A study published in the journal Diabetes Care showed that just five weekly sessions of a relaxation therapy can reduce blood sugar levels significantly.




Learn cognitive behavior therapy. In addition to learning to relax, this therapy helps you re-evaluate what is worthy of your aggravation in the first place by helping you change your behavior and teaching you to view life through more appropriately colored glasses.

Talk to a therapist. Talking about your problems is a reliable way to alleviate the stress that stems from them.

Step back from the situation. If you can, remove yourself from the stressor.

Keep up your healthy eating and exercise routine. Exercise can help lower blood sugar, so a stressful phase is not the time to forgo physical activity.

Eliminate caffeine. Caffeine can impair your body’s ability to handle sugar and increase the amount of stress hormones, which may increase blood sugars.

Ask your doctor about an antianxiety medication. It isn’t ideal, but it can help during a crisis.

Take up a relaxing hobby. If reading, knitting , pottery or gardening calms you down, join a class or find a workshop. But if you stress over every imperfection in your project, save the hobby for a less stressed-out time, and take a hot bath instead.

CONSEQUENCES OF DEPRESSION & STRESS FOR DIABETICS

Studies suggest that people with diabetes who have a history of depression are more likely to develop diabetic complications than those without depression. Equally the chances of becoming depressed increase as diabetes complications worsen.

Research shows that depression leads to impaired physical and cognitive functioning, therefore a person is less likely to follow a required diet or medication plan.

It is common symptom of people with depression to lose interest and motivation in looking after themselves and their health. Even at mild levels, depression can adversely affect glycemic control and a person’s ability to perform diabetes self-care.

Anxieties may be triggered by the burdens of having a chronic disease and by diabetes-specific factors such as having to inject insulin and living with the threat of acute diabetic symptoms and long-term complications. Another revealing statistic is that diabetes is a leading cause of illness and death for people affected by schizophrenia-related disorders.

Ongoing stress and anxiety can lead to severe health consequences. Unmanaged stress can cause:

insomnia and sleep deprivation

anxiety

weight gain

cardiovascular disease

depression

In the long-term, chronic depression can also lead to severe problems, including:

alcoholism

drug abuse

anxiety

suicide

For more great Health and Nutrition Tips refer to the website positivehealthwellness.com.

12 Ways to Ease Seasonal Depression

How is chronic depression treated in people who have diabetes?

Depression is diagnosed and treated by a health care provider. Treating depression can help you manage your diabetes and improve your overall health. Scientists report that for people who have diabetes and depression, treating depression can raise mood levels and increase blood glucose control. Recovery from depression takes time but treatments are effective.

At present, the most common treatments for depression include:

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), a type of psychotherapy, or talk therapy, that helps people change negative thinking styles and behaviors that may contribute to their depression

 

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), a type of antidepressant medication that includes citalopram (Celexa), sertraline (Zoloft), and fluoxetine (Prozac)

 

Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI), a type of antidepressant medication similar to SSRI that includes venlafaxine (Effexor) and duloxetine (Cymbalta).

Some antidepressants may cause weight gain as a side effect and may not be the best depression treatment if you have diabetes. These include:

Tricyclics

Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)

Paroxetine (Paxil), an SSRI6

Mirtazapine (Remeron)

Do You Really Need Antidepressants?

While currently available depression treatments are generally well tolerated and safe, talk with your health care provider about side effects, possible drug interactions, and other treatment options.

Not everyone responds to treatment the same way. Medications can take several weeks to work, may need to be combined with ongoing talk therapy, or may need to be changed or adjusted to minimize side effects and achieve the best results.

If you have any suggestions on how to improve mental health or any information or questions or comments you would like to make on the topics discussed in this post.

Please send an email to momo19@diabetessupportsite.com or leave your comments below.


Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic-retinopathy

http://DIABETIC RETINOPATHY

Retinopathy is a disease of the retina . The retina is the nerve layer that lines the back of your eye. It is the part of your eye that “takes pictures” and sends the images to your brain. Many people with diabetes get retinopathy. This kind of retinopathy is called diabetic retinopathy (retinal disease caused by diabetes).

4(a)Diabetic Retinopathy – Cause

Diabetic retinopathy can lead to poor vision and even blindness. Most of the time, it gets worse over many years. At first, the blood vessels in the eye get weak. This can lead to blood and other liquid leaking into the retina from the blood vessels. This is called nonproliferative retinopathy. And this is the most common retinopathy. If the fluid leaks into the center of your eye, you may have blurry vision.

Most people with nonproliferative retinopathy have no symptoms.

If blood sugar levels stay high, diabetic retinopathy will keep getting worse. New blood vessels grow on the retina. This may sound good, but these new blood vessels are weak. They can break open very easily, even while you are sleeping. If they break open, blood can leak into the middle part of your eye in front of the retina and change your vision. This bleeding can also cause scar tissue to form, which can pull on the retina and cause the retina to move away from the wall of the eye (retinal detachment).

This is called proliferative retinopathy. Sometimes people don’t have symptoms until it is too late to treat them. This is why having eye exams regularly is so important.(Get your eyes checked at least once a year for Diabetic Retinopathy)

Retinopathy can also cause swelling of the macula of the eye. This is called macular edema. The macula is the middle of the retina, which lets you see details. When it swells, it can make your vision much worse. It can even cause legal blindness.

If you are not able to keep your blood sugar levels in a target range, it can cause damage to your blood vessels. Diabetic retinopathy happens when high blood sugar damages the tiny blood vessels of the retina.

When you have diabetic retinopathy, high blood pressure can make it worse. High blood pressure can cause more damage to the weakened vessels in your eye, leading to more leaking of fluid or blood and clouding more of your vision.

 

4(b)Diabetic Retinopathy – Symptoms

camera-image-diabetic-retinopathy

http://Photographic Print of Fundus camera image diabetic retinopathy

Most of the time, there are no symptoms of diabetic retinopathy until it starts to change your vision. When this happens, diabetic retinopathy is already severe. Having your eyes checked regularly can find diabetic retinopathy early enough to treat it and help prevent vision loss.

If you notice problems with your vision, call an eye doctor (ophthalmologist) right away. Changes in vision can be a sign of severe damage to your eye. These changes can include floaters, pain in the eye, blurry vision, or new vision loss.

An eye exam by an eye specialist (ophthalmologist or optometrist) is the only way to detect diabetic retinopathy. Having a dilated eye exam regularly can help find retinopathy before it changes your vision. On your own, you may not notice symptoms until the disease becomes severe.

Symptoms of diabetic retinopathy and its complications may include:

Blurred, double, or distorted vision or difficulty reading.

Floaters or spots in your vision.

Partial or total loss of vision or a shadow or veil across your field of vision.

Pain, pressure, or constant redness of the eye.




4(c)Diabetic Retinopathy – What Increases Your Risk

Your risk for diabetic retinopathy depends largely on two things: how long you have had diabetes and whether or not you have kept good control of your blood sugar.

You can control some risk factors, which are things that may increase your risk for diabetic retinopathy and its complications. Risk factors that you can control include:

Pregnancy

Women who have diabetes are at increased risk of developing retinopathy during pregnancy. In women who already have retinopathy when they become pregnant, the condition can become much worse during pregnancy. If you get pregnant, you will need to have an eye exam sometime during the first 3 months. You’ll also need close follow-up during your pregnancy and for 1 year after you have your baby.

For more great Health and Nutrition Tips refer to the website positivehealthwellness.com

Pregnancy diet: Focus on these essential nutrients

Consistently high blood sugar

High blood sugar levels increase your risk of retinopathy. Keeping your blood sugar levels in a target range can reduce your risk for diabetic retinopathy and can slow the progression of the disease if it has already started.

High blood pressure

In general, people with diabetes who also have high blood pressure are more likely to develop complications that affect the blood vessels in the body, including those in the eyes.

13 Foods That Are Good For High Blood Pressure

Delayed diagnosis and treatment

Getting a dilated eye exam will not prevent retinopathy. But it may reduce your risk of severe vision loss from complications of retinopathy. By detecting it early, you can get treatment that can prevent vision loss and delay the progression of the disease.
Smoking

Although smoking has not been proved to increase the risk of retinopathy, smoking  makes many of the other health problems faced by people with diabetes worse, including disease of the small blood vessels.Stopping smoking has many health benefits ,it will reduce your chances of getting serious diabetic complications as well as the  financial gain you will have more money in your pocket at the end of the month.

stop-smoking

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If you have type 2 diabetes and use the medicine rosiglitazone (Avandia, Avandamet, Avandaryl) to treat your diabetes, you may have a higher risk for problems with the center of the retina (the macula). The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the makers of the drug have warned that taking this medicine could cause swelling in the macula, which is called macular edema.

4(d)Diabetic Retinopathy – When To Call a Doctor

Call your doctor immediately if you have diabetes and notice:

Floaters in your field of vision. Floaters often appear as dark specks, globs, strings, or dots. A sudden shower of floaters may be a sign of a retinal detachment, which is a serious complication of diabetic retinopathy.
A new visual defect, shadow, or curtain across part of your vision. This is another sign of retinal detachment.
Eye pain or a feeling of pressure in your eye.
New or sudden vision loss. The sudden onset of partial or complete vision loss is a symptom of many disorders that can occur within or outside the eye, including retinal detachment or bleeding within the eye. Sudden vision loss is always a medical emergency.

Watchful waiting

Watchful waiting is not an option if you have diabetes and notice changes in your vision.

If you have type 2 diabetes, even if you do not have any symptoms of eye disease, you still need to have your eyes and vision checked regularly by an eye specialist (ophthalmologist or optometrist). If you wait until you have symptoms, it is more likely that complications and severe damage to the retina will have already developed. These may be harder to treat and may result in permanent vision loss.

If you have type 1 diabetes, are age 10 or older, and were diagnosed 5 or more years ago, you should have your eyes checked even if you don’t have symptoms. If you wait until you have symptoms, it is more likely that complications and severe damage to the retina will have happened. These may be harder to treat. And the damage may be permanent.

4(e)Diabetic Retinopathy – Exams and Tests

retinopathy-causes-test-treatment

http://Diabetic Retinopathy: Causes, Tests, and Treatment Options

Diabetic retinopathy can be detected during a dilated eye exam by an ophthalmologist or optometrist. An exam by your primary doctor, during which your eyes are not dilated, is not an adequate substitute for a full exam done by an ophthalmologist. Eye exams for people with diabetes can include:

Visual acuity testing

Visual acuity testing measures the eye’s ability to focus and to see details at near and far distances. It can help detect vision loss and other problems.
Ophthalmoscopy and slit lamp exam

These tests allow your doctor to see the back of the eye and other structures within the eye. They may be used to detect clouding of the lens (cataract), changes in the retina, and other problems.
Gonioscopy

Gonioscopy is used to find out whether the area where fluid drains out of your eye (called the drainage angle) is open or closed. This test is done if your doctor thinks you may have glaucoma, a group of eye diseases that can cause blindness by damaging the optic nerve.
Tonometry

This test measures the pressure inside the eye, which is called intraocular pressure (IOP). It is used to help detect glaucoma. Diabetes can increase your risk of glaucoma.

Your doctor may also do a test called an optical coherence tomography (OCT) to check for fluid in your retina. Sometimes a fluorescein angiogram is done to check for and locate leaking blood vessels in the retina, especially if you have symptoms, such as blurred or distorted vision, that suggest damage to or swelling of the retina.

Fundus photography

Can track changes in the eye over time in people who have diabetic retinopathy and especially in those who have been treated for it.

Fundus photography produces accurate pictures of the back of the eye (the fundus). An eye doctor can compare photographs taken at different times to watch the progression of the disease and find out how well treatment is working. But the photos do not take the place of a full eye exam.

4(f)Early detection

diabetic-retinopathy-detection

http://Computer Aided Diagnosis of Diabetic Retinopathy: Texture Features Analysis of Fundus Images for Automatic Detection of Early Diabetic Retinopathy Lesions

Early detection and treatment of diabetic retinopathy can help prevent vision loss. For people in whom diabetic retinopathy has not been diagnosed, the Diabetes Association recommends that screening be done based on the following guidelines:

People with type 1 diabetes who are age 10 and older should have a dilated eye exam within 5 years after diabetes is diagnosed and then every year.
People with type 2 diabetes should have an exam as soon as diabetes is diagnosed and then every year.
If your eye exam results are normal, your doctor may consider follow-up exams less often. For example, you may have an exam every 2 years. But if you are diagnosed with retinopathy, you may need frequent eye exams.
Women who have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and who are planning to become pregnant should have an exam before becoming pregnant, if possible, and then once during the first 3 months (first trimester) of pregnancy. The eye doctor can decide whether you need further screening for retinopathy during pregnancy based on the results of the first-trimester exam.

4(g)Diabetic Retinopathy – Treatment

RETIXOFT

http://Retixoft – Sight restoration for macular degeneration and diabetics

There is no cure for diabetic retinopathy. But laser treatment (photocoagulation) is usually very effective at preventing vision loss if it is done before the retina has been severely damaged.

Surgical removal of the vitreous gel (vitrectomy) may also help improve vision if the retina has not been severely damaged. Sometimes injections of an anti-VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) medicine or an anti-inflammatory medicine help to shrink new blood vessels in proliferative diabetic retinopathy.

Because symptoms may not develop until the disease becomes severe, early detection through regular screening is important. The earlier retinopathy is detected, the easier it is to treat and the more likely vision will be preserved.

You may not need treatment for diabetic retinopathy unless it has affected the center (macula) of the retina or, in rare cases, if your side (peripheral) vision has been severely damaged. But you do need to have your vision checked regularly.

If the macula has been damaged by macular edema, you may need laser treatment. For more severe retinopathy, you may need either laser treatment or vitrectomy. These procedures can help prevent, stabilize, or slow vision loss when they are done before the retina has been severely damaged. Newer treatment includes medicines like anti-VEGF medicine or steroids that are injected into the eye.

Surgical removal of the vitreous gel (vitrectomy) is done when there is bleeding (vitreous hemorrhage) or retinal detachment, which are rare in people with early-stage retinopathy. Vitrectomy is also done when severe scar tissue has formed.

Treatment for diabetic retinopathy is often very effective in preventing, delaying, or reducing vision loss. But it is not a cure for the disease. People who have been treated for diabetic retinopathy need to be monitored frequently by an eye doctor to check for new changes in their eyes. Many people with diabetic retinopathy need to be treated more than once as the condition gets worse.

Also, controlling your blood sugar levels is always important. This is true even if you have been treated for diabetic retinopathy and your eyes are better. In fact, good blood sugar control is especially important in this case so that you can help keep your retinopathy from getting worse.

Ideally, laser treatment should be done early in the course of the disease to prevent serious vision loss rather than to try to treat serious vision loss after it has already developed.

People with diabetes who have any signs of retinopathy need to be examined as soon as possible by an ophthalmologist.

4(h)Diabetic Retinopathy – Prevention

Pharma Nord Bio-Pycnogenol 150 tablets

There are steps you can take to reduce your chance of vision loss from diabetic retinopathy and its complications:

Control your blood sugar levels.

Keep blood sugar levels in a target range by eating a healthful diet, frequently monitoring your blood sugar levels, getting regular physical exercise, and taking insulin or medicines for type 2 diabetes if prescribed.
Control your blood pressure.

Retinopathy is more likely to progress to the severe form and macular edema is more likely to occur in people who have high blood pressure. It is not clear whether treating high blood pressure can directly affect long-term vision. But in general, keeping blood pressure levels in a target range can reduce the risk of many different complications of diabetes.

Have your eyes examined by an eye specialist (ophthalmologist or optometrist) every year

Screening for diabetic retinopathy and other eye problems will not prevent diabetic eye disease. But it can help you avoid vision loss by allowing for early detection and treatment.
See an ophthalmologist if you have changes in your vision. Changes in vision-such as floaters, pain or pressure in the eye, blurry or double vision, or new vision loss-may be symptoms of serious damage to your retina. In most cases, the sooner the problem can be treated, the more effective the treatment will be.

The risk for severe retinopathy and vision loss may be even less if you:

Don’t smoke

Although smoking has not been proved to increase the risk of retinopathy, smoking may aggravate many of the other health problems faced by people with diabetes, including disease of the small blood vessels.
Avoid hazardous activities

Certain physical activities, like weight lifting or some contact sports, may trigger bleeding in the eye through impact or increased pressure. Avoiding these activities when you have diabetic retinopathy can help reduce the risk of damage to your vision.
Get adequate exercise

Exercise helps keep blood sugar levels in a target range, which can reduce the risk of vision damage from diabetic retinopathy. Talk to your doctor about what kinds of exercise are safe for you.

If you have any information,questions, or feedback you would like to include in this post.

Please email momo19@diabetessupportsite.com or leave your comments below.

 

 

 

 


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